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Table 9 ATP, NADH, NADPH, and CoQ10 The average levels measured in the Autism and Neurotypical groups are reported below, along with their standard deviations

From: Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children, and the association with autism severity

  Units Autism Group Neuro-typical Group % Difference p-value Neurotypical Reference Range (10th and 90th percentiles) Autism Group % below RR Autism Group % above RR
ATP
(plasma)
nmol/l 14.5
+/- 4.2
18.5
+/- 4.8
-22% < 0.0001 * 13.21 36% 4%
NADH
(RBC)
nmol/ml 15.3
+/- 4.1
20.7
+/- 4.3
-26% < 0.0001 * 16-25 51% 2%
NADPH
(RBC)
nmol/ml 22.6
+/- 6.1
30.9
+/- 8.5
-27% < 0.0001 * 20-40 37% 2%
CoQ10
(plasma)
μg/ml 0.55
+/- 0.15
0.60
+/- 0.16
  n.s. 0.4-0.8 9% 2%
  1. The p-value for a t-test comparison of the two groups is also reported. If the p-value is below 0.05, then the % difference between the groups is reported, and the result is highlighted.
  2. The table also lists the reference range of the neurotypical group (10th and 90th percentiles), and the % of the Autism group who are above or below the reference ranges. Note that if the groups were identical, 10% would be above and 10% would be below. Percentages above 25% are highlighted.
  3. * Statistically significant difference between the two groups with 95% confidence per Bonferroni analysis.