Renal expressions of ICAM-1, MCP-1 and TGF-β
. (A) Representative Western blots showing specific bands for ICAM-1, MCP-1, TGF-β1, and β-actin as an internal control. Equal amounts of protein sample obtained from whole kidney homogenates were applied in each lane. These bands are representative of five separate experiments. (B-D) Graphical representation of data from Western blots analyses. The mean density values of ICAM-1, MCP-1 and TGF-β1 are expressed as ratios relative to that of β-actin. Each bar represents mean ± SEM. C, age-matched normal rats; D, diabetic-treated rats administered with vehicle; Cur, diabetic rats treated with curcumin 100 mg/kg/day. ** p < 0.05 vs. C; ## p < 0.05 vs. D based on one way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test.