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Table 2 Daily micronutrient intake in vegetarian (V) and non-vegetarian (NV) elderly males (m) and females (f) (mean ± SD)

From: Health aspects, nutrition and physical characteristics in matched samples of institutionalized vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly (> 65yrs)

Micronutrients Gender V NV RDI
Calcium (mg) m 1096 ± 371 969 ± 399 800-1000
  f 894 ± 306 858 ± 265 800-1000
Iron (mg) m 15.7 ± 3.4† 13.2 ± 1.5† 9
  f 12.5 ± 5.6† 12.8 ± 3.0† 8
Zinc (mg) m 13.3 ± 3.8 11.9 ± 1.8† 10
  f 13.0 ± 8.3 12.0 ± 4.3† 9
Sodium (mg) m 4083 ± 1231 4911 ± 831† 575-3500
  f 2861 ± 907* 4944 ± 971† 575-3500
Potassium (mg) m 3976 ± 794*,† 3127 ± 395 1600-3100
  f 3217 ± 963 3203 ± 580 1600-3100
Phosphorus (mg) m 1672 ± 429† 1395 ± 443 1000
  f 1396 ± 658† 1322 ± 307† 1000
Magnesium (mg) m 388 ± 129* 248 ± 46† 325
  f 340 ± 190* 252 ± 74 275
Vit A (mg) m 0.70 ± 0.21* 1.13 ± 0.10† 0.7
  f 0.55 ± 0.21* 1.06 ± 0.21† 0.6
Beta-carotene (mg) m 1.30 ± 0.92 1.07 ± 0.49 -
  f 1.01 ± 0.41 1.04 ± 0.42 -
Vit B1 (mg) m 1.60 ± 0.61*,† 0.99 ± 0.16 1
  f 1.41 ± 1.22 1.08 ± 0.45 1
Vit B2 (mg) m 1.82 ± 0.41* 1.20 ± 0.20† 1.5
  f 1.51 ± 0.62 1.24 ± 0.36 1.3
Vit B6 (mg) m 1.50 ± 0.42† 1.56 ± 0.18† 1.1
  f 1.21 ± 0.42*,† 1.47 ± 0.26† 1.0
Vit D (μg) m 0.31 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.05 -
  f 0.11 ± 0.02* 0.23 ± 0.08 -
Vit C (mg) m 162 ± 47*,† 96 ± 35 70
  f 149 ± 82† 123 ± 46† 70
  1. *Significantly different with NV (p < 0.05)
  2. †Significantly different from Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) (p < 0.05)