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Table 3 Blood profile in vegetarian (V) and non-vegetarian (NV) elderly males (m) and females (f) (mean ± SD)

From: Health aspects, nutrition and physical characteristics in matched samples of institutionalized vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly (> 65yrs)

Parameter Gender V (n, n a-typ.)(a) NV (n, n a-typ.)(a) Ref.
Haemoglobin (mmol/l) m 13.4 ± 0.9 (4, 2) 13.6 ± 1.2 (6, 2) 13-16.5
  f 12.8 ± 1.1 (18, 3) 13.1 ± 1.6 (20, 3) 11.8-14.5
Red cell count (106/mm3) m 4.6 ± 0.3 (4, 0) 4.5 ± 0.5 (6, 0) 4.2-5.7
  f 4.3 ± 0.5 (21, 2) 4.4 ± 0.5 (20, 2) 3.9-5.0
Serum iron (mg/dl) m+f 76 ± 25 (24, 4) 82 ± 36 (26, 1) 50-170
Transferrine (mg/dl) m+f 243 ± 33* (25, 1) 217 ± 37 (26, 1) 181-332
Ferritine (mg/l) m 47 ± 26 (4, 1) 161 ± 165 (6, 0) 30-400
  f 70 ± 46 (21, 1) 158 ± 180 (20, 1) 13-150
White cells (103/mm3) m+f 6.4 ± 1.5* (22, 0) 7.8 ± 2.5 (26, 5) 3.6-9.6
Ureum (mg/dl) m+f 36.9 ± 11.0 (24, 8) 42.5 ± 23.5 (26, 14) 15-40
Albumin (g/dl) m+f 3.9 ± 0.3* (24, 3) 3.7 ± 0.3 (26, 3) 3.7-5.0
Serum calcium (103/mm3) m+f 8.8 ± 0.4 (24, 5(b)) 9.0 ± 0.4 (26, 1) 8.6-9.8
Serum zinc (mg/dl) m+f 62.0 ± 11.1† (24, 20) 64.5 ± 12.2† (26, 18) 70-150
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) m+f 213 ± 40*,† (24, 18) 188 ± 33 (25, 12) < 200
LDL (mg/dl) m+f 121 ± 30 (24, 15) 111 ± 26 (24, 11) < 115
HDL (mg/dl) m+f 54 ± 15 (24, 4) 51 ± 12 (26, 2) > 40
Triglycerides (mg/dl) m+f 180 ± 106 (24, 10) 149 ± 103 (26, 6) < 180
Vitamin B12 (mg/l) m+f 0.58 ± 0.60 (22, 7) 0.46 ± 0.46 (26, 7) 0.22-0.94
Folic acid (mg/l) m+f 9.8 ± 5.7 (22, 6) 7.3 ± 6.0 (26, 6) 2.0-14.0
  1. (a)(n: number of subjects studied, n a-typ.: number of subjects with a-typical values)
  2. (b)The values were close to the cut-off point, i.e. 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.4, 8.4
  3. *Significantly different with NV (p < 0.05)
  4. †Significantly different from reference values (Ref.) (p < 0.05)