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Table 4 Anthropometry and strength of vegetarian (V) and non-vegetarian (NV) elderly males (m) and females (f) (mean ± SD)

From: Health aspects, nutrition and physical characteristics in matched samples of institutionalized vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly (> 65yrs)

Variable Gender V NV Ref.
Body height (cm) m 174.6 ± 7.6 169.0 ± 7.0  
  f 154.5 ± 8.1* 158.8 ± 4.1  
Body weight (kg) m 72.2 ± 14.9 68.7 ± 8.7  
  f 62.2 ± 10.8 67.6 ± 10.2  
BMI (kg/m2) m 23.5 ± 3.7 25.2 ± 4.2 19-25
  f 26.1 ± 4.7 26.8 ± 3.7 19-25
Waist-Hip ratio m 0.91 ± 0.10 0.94 ± 0.04 0.99
  f 0.90 ± 0.10 0.90 ± 0.06 0.90
Triceps skinfold (mm) m 10.6 ± 4.3† 13.0 ± 2.8 15.0
  f 12.7 ± 3.5† 11.2 ± 4.0† 21.6
Subscapular skinfold (mm) m 12.2 ± 3.0† 11.9 ± 6.0 16.2
  f 9.2 ± 2.6*,† 13.5 ± 3.5† 19.0
Upperarm girth (cm) m 27.9 ± 4.0 27.4 ± 3.0 28.3
  f 27.7 ± 2.9† 29.0 ± 3.9 30.3
Handgrip (kg) m 29.0 ± 9.1† 24.7 ± 7.2† 40.3 ± 7.9
  f 17.5 ± 5.5† 16.1 ± 6.0† 25.4 ± 5.4
  1. *Significantly different with NV (p < 0.05)
  2. †Significantly different from reference values (Ref.) (p < 0.05)