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Table 2 End of Study Body Composition and Adipocyte Cellularity

From: Resistant starch and exercise independently attenuate weight regain on a high fat diet in a rat model of obesity

  C RS C+EX RS+EX C+EX/SED RS+EX/SED
n 7 9 6 6 3 3
Final Weight (g) 846 ± 26 805 ± 32 792 ± 43 777 ± 33 847 ± 19 856 ± 40
% Body Fat A 39.0 ± 3.2 33.9 ± 4.1 42.1 ± 1.3 32.0 ± 3.2 * 53.0 ± 1.4 41.9 ± 0.4 *
Fat Free Mass (g) ABC 514 ± 24 525 ± 23 459 ± 29 524 ± 17.7* 398 ± 18 497 ± 20.9*
   Bone Calcium (g) A 13.2 ± 0.6 14.2 ± 0.6 13.0 ± 0.9 14.8 ± 0.6 * 11.8 ± 0.7 13.2 ± 0.7
   Bone Density (g/cm3) A 0.330 ± 0.002 0.339 ± 0.003 0.333 ± 0.004 0.339 ± 0.003 0.339 ± 0.000 0.333 ± 0.003
   Gatrocnemius (g) 3.1 ± 0.1 3.0 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.1 2.7 ± 0.1 3.2 ± 0.2
   Liver (g) 18.8 ± 0.5 20.1 ± 0.4 18.5 ± 1.2 19.6 ± 1.3 21.6 ± 1.3 19.8 ± 0.4
Fat Mass (g) ABC 332 ± 33 280 ± 42 333 ± 19 252 ± 32.3* 449 ± 11 359 ± 19.6*
   Mesenteric Fat (g) AB 21.3 ± 1.6 15.5 ± 1.0 * 15.7 ± 2.0 14.2 ± 1.9 21.6 ± 1.5 16.3 ± 1.2 *
Cell Diameter (μm) AB 93.1 ± 0.8 88.4 ± 0.7 * 86.9 ± 0.9 76.3 ± 0.8 * 102.4 ± 1.1 95.4 ± 1.1 *
Cell Number (x106 cells/depot) 42.3 ± 8.9 47.2 ± 7.2 47.9 ± 7.4 56.4 ± 8.9 39.2 ± 10.5 35.6 ± 10.5
   Subcutaneous Fat (g) A 246 ± 32 199 ± 37 251 ± 16 181 ± 27 * 350 ± 12 270 ± 14 *
Cell Diameter (μm) AB 80.8 ± 1.1 76.9 ± 0.7 * 74.6 ± 0.9 68.9 ± 0.7 * 82.3 ± 1.0 76.3 ± 1.0 *
Cell Number (x106 cells/depot) B 655 ± 110 704 ± 59 985 ± 89 966 ± 89 1111 ± 177 1149 ± 356
   Retroperitoneal Fat (g) 41.7 ± 1.9 43.1 ± 5.2 44.3 ± 6.6 38.2 ± 4.2 49.3 ± 4.6 45.3 ± 1.9
   Epidydimal Fat (g) B 23.5 ± 0.9 22.2 ± 1.3 22.4 ± 2.0 18.5 ± 2.8 27.6 ± 2.3 27.7 ± 1.9
  1. End of study characteristics were examined in a two-way ANOVA model for the effects of diet (C vs RS) and exercise (SED, EX, EX/SED).
  2. A = effect of diet, p < 0.05; B = effect of exercise, p < 0.05; C = diet × exercise, p < 0.05.
  3. * planned comparison, RS-fed significantly different from respective C-fed group, p < 0.05.