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Table 3 Anthropometric and clinical characteristics in overweight women at baseline and after dietary intervention

From: Effect of a conventional energy-restricted modified diet with or without meal replacement on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk profile in overweight women

  MR (n = 43)
Mean ± SD
C (n = 44)
Mean ± SD
MR vs C
  Baseline Week 12 Difference Baseline Week 12 Difference P a
Weight (kg) 83.9 ± 8.8 78.0 ± 9.2** -5.98 ± 2.82 84.1 ± 8.3 79.3 ± 7.3** -4.84 ± 3.54 0.075
Relative weight loss (%) 100 ± 0 92.8 ± 3.3** -7.19 ± 3.25 100 ± 0 94.4 ± 4** -5.60 ± 4.02 0.048
BMI (kg/m2) 31.2 ± 2.3 29.0 ± 2.6** -2.24 ± 1.02 31.2 ± 2.1 29.4 ± 1.9** -1.79 ± 1.31 0.075
WC (cm) 93.9 ± 7.2 87.4 ± 7.6** -6.55 ± 3.91 94.9 ± 6.1 89.6 ± 6.3** -5.30 4.27 0.094
WHtR 0.574
± 0.043
0.534
± 0.047**
0.040
± 0.024
0.579
± 0.040
0.547
± 0.045**
0.032
± 0.026
0.092
HC (cm)b 114.2 ± 6.4
(n = 26)
108.5 ± 6.0 -5.71 ± 2.34 114.3 ± 6.0
(n = 28)
109.4 ± 6.5 -4.93 ± 3.45 0.565
WHRb 0.83 ± 0.06
(n = 26)
0.82 ± 0.05 -0.01 ± 0.03 0.84 ± 0.05
(n = 28)
0.84 ± 0.06 0.00 ± 0.03 0.350
Thigh circumference (cm)b 64.1 ± 5.0 60.8 ± 5.1 -3.33 ± 2.10 64.1 ± 4.6 61.5 ± 5.0 -2.59 ± 2.35 0.158
  (n = 35)    (n = 38)    
BFM (kg) 36.1 ± 6.3 31.4 ± 6.4** -4.69 ± 2.31 36.6 ± 6.0 32.6 ± 5,2** -3.98 ± 2.53 0.144
Body fat (%) 42.7 ± 3.8 39.9 ± 4.3** -2.79 ± 1.79 43.3 ± 3.6 41.0 ± 3.6* -2.33 ± 1.51 0.191
BCM (kg) 25.7 ± 2.5 24.8 ± 2.6** -0.93 ± 0.80 25.7 ± 2.3 24.7 ± 2.0** -0.98 ± 0.98 0.760
BCM (%) 30.8 ± 2.9 32.0 ± 3.1** 1.19 ± 1.24 30.7 ± 3.0 31.3 ± 2.9* 0.62 ± 1.17 0.054
LBM (kg) 48.1 ± 3.8 46.8 ± 3.9** -1.30 ± 1.40 47.7 ± 3.8 46.9 ± 3.3** -0.77 ± 1.46 0.058
LBM (%) 57.6 ± 3.8 60.4 ± 4.3** 2.81 ± 2.22 56.9 ± 3.7 59.4 ± 3.7** 2.45 ± 1.93 0.445
BP systolic (mmHg) 131.2 119.8 -11.4 128.0 119.5 -8.5 0.148
  ± 17.4 ± 12.8** ± 18.8 ± 19.7 ± 13.8* ± 23.5  
BP diastolic (mmHg) 80.8 ± 9.6 77.2 ± 8.6* -3.6 ± 11.7 79.8 ± 9.0 75.5 ± 8.3* -4.4 ± 11.7 0.914
Heart rate (1/min)b 77.0 ± 10.3
(n = 42)
75.8 ± 9.9 -1.2 ± 8.0 77.8 ± 10.8 75.8 ± 11.5 -2.0 ± 8.9 0.983
  1. abbreviations used: BCM, body cell mass; BFM, body fat mass; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; C, control group; HC, hip circumference; LBM, lean body mass; MR, meal replacement group; WC, waist circumference; WHR, Waist-to-hip ratio; WHtR, Waist-to-height ratio
  2. *p < 0.05; ** p < 0.001; Wilcoxon-test within groups
  3. ap-value: Mann-Whitney-U-test
  4. bdata not available for all women