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Table 4 Change in the cardiometabolic risk profile in overweight women after dietary intervention

From: Effect of a conventional energy-restricted modified diet with or without meal replacement on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk profile in overweight women

  MR (n = 43)
n (%)
C (n = 44)
n (%)
MR vs C
  Baseline Week 12 P a Baseline Week 12 P a P b
Weight reduction
> 5%
- 33
(76.7%)
- - 22
(50.0%)
- 0.010
WC > 88 cm 31
(72.9%)
19
(44.2%)
0.009 37
(84.1%)
24
(54.5%)
0.003 0.429
BP systolic
≥ 130 mmHg
28
(65.1%)
15
(34.9%)
0.005 20
(45.5%)
12
(27.3%)
0.076 0.263
BP diastolic
≥ 85 mmHg
13
(30.2%)
9
(20.9%)
0.323 6
(13.6%)
6
(13.6%)
1.000 0.229
BP ≥ 130/85 mmHg 12
(27.9%)
5
(11.6%)
0.058 6
(13.6%)
5
(11.4%)
0.747 0.439
TG ≥ 150 mg/dl 14
(41.2%)c
16
(47.1%)c
0.651 15
(44.1%)c
13
(38.2%)c
0.647 0.897
HDL-C < 50 mg/dl 11
(32.4%)c
12
(35.3%)c
0.808 8
(23.5%)c
11
(32.4%)c
0.437 0.851
Fasting glucose
≥ 110 mg/dl
2
(5.9%)c
2
(5.9%)c
1.000 3
(8.8%)c
1
(2.9%)c
0.306 0.906
Hypertriglyceridemic
waistd
12
(35.3%)c
7
(20.6%)c
0.194 14
(41.2%)c
7
(20.6)c
0.080 0.984
Atherogenic
dyslipidemiae
6
(17.6%)c
7
(20.6%)c
0.763 4
(11.8%)c
3
(8.8%)c
0.694 0.490
  1. abbreviations used: BP, blood pressure; C, control group; HDL-C, HDL cholesterol; MR, meal replacement group; WC, waist circumference
  2. ap-value: chi-square-test within groups
  3. bp-value: chi-square-test in contingency tables
  4. cbiochemical analysis with the same method (n = 34)
  5. dhypertriglyceridemic waist, i.e. WC > 88 cm and TG ≥ 150 mg/dL [18]
  6. eatherogenic dyslipidemia, i.e. triad of elevated triglycerides, low HDL-C, and small LDL-C particles [3]