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Table 2 Differences in dietary intakes for the women

From: Long-term aerobic exercise and omega-3 supplementation modulate osteoporosis through inflammatory mechanisms in post-menopausal women: a randomized, repeated measures study

Daily intakes Groups E + S E S Con P <
Total energy (kcal)      
Before 2116 ± 371 2101 ± 358 2121 ± 360 2099 ± 381 0.149
After 2207 ± 354 2211 ± 344 2119 ± 369 2109 ± 364 0.074
Proteins (g)      
Before 81 ± 14 77 ± 21 82 ± 17 80 ± 20 0.198
After 78 ± 19 81 ± 10 79 ± 18 82 ± 12 0.357
Carbohydrates (g)      
Before 224 ± 59 218 ± 51 230 ± 58 228 ± 65 0.091
After 230 ± 66 225 ± 55 233 ± 49 227 ± 60 0.208
Lipids (g)      
Before 74 ± 12 69 ± 24 71 ± 29 73 ± 22 0.077
After 72 ± 22 74 ± 18 68 ± 23 71 ± 12 0.201
SFA (g)      
Before 24 ± 9 23 ± 6 22 ± 5 22 ± 8 0.087
After 23 ± 5 23 ± 8 23 ± 7 22 ± 5 0.141
MUFA (g)      
Before 26 ± 7 28 ± 5 27 ± 6 29 ± 9 0.536
After 27 ± 5 28 ± 9 27 ± 8 28 ± 6 0.339
PUFA (g)      
Before 12 ± 4 11 ± 7 11 ± 6 11 ± 9 0.067
After 11 ± 9 11 ± 8 11 ± 8 11 ± 6 0.094
Total fibers (g)      
Before 18 ± 9 17 ± 8 17 ± 5 18 ± 6 0.091
After 17 ± 8 18 ± 6 17 ± 9 18 ± 8 0.082
Calcium (mg)      
Before 690.4 ± 234.7 692.3 ± 244.9 694.5 ± 227.3 687.6 ± 189.9 0.092
After 694.1 ± 212.1 692.8 ± 259.1 693.4 ± 235.2 690.2 ± 204.8 0.421
Vitamin D (μg)      
Before 9.7 ± 6.5 9.6 ± 6.3 9.8 ± 6.9 9.4 ± 5.7 0.114
After 9.6 ± 6.8 9.7 ± 6.8 9.4 ± 6.5 9.7 ± 7.1 0.067
Vitamin K (μg)      
Before 435.1 ± 211.7 431.9 ± 191.2 436.2 ± 204.7 434.5 ± 197.1 0.336
After 433.8 ± 227.2 435.1 ± 201.7 433.9 ± 211.1 436.2 ± 217.4 0.081
  1. E+S = Exercise + Supplement; E = Exercise; S = Supplement; Con = Control; BMI = Body mass index; SFA = Saturated fatty acid; MUFA = Monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA = Polyunsaturated fatty acid
  2. P < 0.05, significantly different from baseline values (within groups, baseline vs. week 24).
  3. Values are mean ± SD