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Table 5 Fatty acid composition of neutrophil extracts expressed as a percentage of total fatty acid content before and after dietary supplementation

From: Long-term aerobic exercise and omega-3 supplementation modulate osteoporosis through inflammatory mechanisms in post-menopausal women: a randomized, repeated measures study

Variables Groups E+S E S Con P <
18:2§LA      
Before 16.7 ± 2.8 17.1 ± 2.4 16.9 ± 3.4 17.2 ± 2.9 0.098
After 6.9 ± 3.5 2, 4 17.2 ± 2.7 1, 3 7.2 ± 3.8 2, 4 16.9 ± 3.1 1, 3 * 0.001
20:4§AA      
Before 21.7 ± 6.1 22.2 ± 3.8 22.2 ± 4.3 22.4 ± 5.1 0.121
After 12.1 ± 4.2 2, 4 22.7 ± 5.9 1, 3 11.9 ± 6.2 2, 4 22.8 ± 5.4 1, 3 * 0.001
20:5§EPA      
Before 0.3 ± 0.6 0.4 ± 0.6 0.3 ± 05 0.3 ± 0.2 0.446
After 4.9 ± 1.9 2, 4 0.3 ± 0.2 1, 3 4.4 ± 0.4 2, 4 0.4 ± 0.2 1, 3 *0.001
22:6§DHA      
Before 1.9 ± 1.8 2.1 ± 1.4 2.0 ± 1.3 2.2 ± 1.2 0.331
After 4.9 ± 2.8 2, 4 2.0 ± 1.1 1, 3 5.1 ± 1.4 2, 4 2.1 ± 1.3 1, 3 *0.001
  1. E+S = Exercise + Supplement; E = Exercise; S = Supplement; Con = Control; LA = Linoleic acid; AA = Arachidonic acid; EPA = Eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA = Docosahexaenoic acid,
  2. § Ratios represent number of carbon-carbon double bounds. Superscripts denote significantly differences among the groups (E+S = 1; E = 2; S = 3; and Con = 4).
  3. P < 0.05, significantly different from baseline values (within groups, baseline vs. week 24).
  4. Values are mean ± SD