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Table 2 Body composition and muscle strength variables for the CARB and NOSS groups

From: Effects of 28 days of resistance exercise while consuming commercially available pre- and post-workout supplements, NO-Shotgun® and NO-Synthesize® on body composition, muscle strength and mass, markers of protein synthesis, and clinical safety markers in males

Variable Group Day 0 Day 29 Test (p < .05) Group x Test (p < .05)
Body Mass (kg)     .010* .793
  NOSS 81.41 ± 16.46 82.64 ± 15.97   
  CARB 84.41 ± 29.39 85.44 ± 29.32   
Body Water (kg)     .345 .587
  NOSS 43.07 ± 10.33 43.43 ± 9.68   
  CARB 43.18 ± 6.50 44.12 ± 7.13   
Body Fat (%)     .026* .014† NOSS < PLC
  NOSS 17.88 ± 7.67 16.53 ± 7.35   
  CARB 21.18 ± 9.06 21.26 ± 9.55   
Fat Mass (kg)     .046* .026† NOSS < PLC
  NOSS 14.21 ± 8.31 13.40 ± 8.10   
  CARB 18.64 ± 18.16 18.99 ± 18.64   
Fat-Free Mass (kg)     .001* .023† NOSS > PLC
  NOSS 57.80 ± 8.01 59.92 ± 7.57   
  CARB 56.43 ± 10.33 57.02 ± 9.86   
Upper-Body Strength (kg/kg)     .016* .023† NOSS > PLAC
  NOSS 1.03 ±0.15 1.16 ±0.21   
  CARB 1.07 ±0.25 1.08 ± 0.23   
Lower-Body Strength (kg/kg)     .001* .035† NOSS > PLAC
  NOSS 4.04 ± 0.55 4.90 ± 0.64   
  CARB 4.19 ± 0.58 4.64 ± 0.84   
  1. Data are presented as means and standard deviations. * Denotes a significant increase at Day 29 compared to Day 0. † Denotes a significant difference between CARB and NOSS.