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Table 1 Average daily dietary intakes at end of LD and at end of HD, from 3-day weighed food records

From: Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic health: outcomes of a 12-month crossover trial

Daily dietary intakes Baseline End HD End LD Change HD-LD P-value*
n 30 32 32 32  
Total energy (MJ) 8.71 ± 0.61 8.84 ± 0.41 7.73 ± 0.37 1.12 ± 0.36 < 0.01
Protein (g) 97 ± 6 110 ± 5 84 ± 3 26 ± 5 < 0.001
Carbohydrate (g) 226 ± 17 232 ± 12 209 ± 13 24 ± 10 0.03
Fat (g) 78 ± 7 69 ± 5 65 ± 4 4 ± 5 0.42
SFA (g) 31 ± 4 27 ± 2 23 ± 2 3 ± 2 0.11
PUFA (g) 11 ± 1.0 9 ± 0.9 10 ± 0.9 -1.0 ± 1.0 0.32
MUFA (g) 28 ± 3 23 ± 2 22 ± 1 1.1 ± 1.9 0.56
Alcohol (g) 7 ± 2 10 ± 2 8 ± 2 2.4 ± 1.7 0.16
Sugars (g) 110 ± 10 127 ± 8 92 ± 7 36 ± 5 < 0.001
Fibre (g) 24 ± 2 21 ± 2 22 ± 2 -0.8 ± 1.2 0.50
Calcium (mg) 1112 ± 146 1452 ± 68 723 ± 35 730 ± 74 < 0.001
Protein (% of total energy) 19 ± 0.8 22 ± 0.9 19 ± 0.7 2.6 ± 1.0 0.01
Carbohydrate (% of total energy) 40 ± 1.4 40 ± 1.2 39 ± 1.2 0.9 ± 1.4 0.52
Fat (% of total energy) 33 ± 1.1 28 ± 1.0 31 ± 0.9 -3.0 ± 1.0 < 0.01
Sugars (% of total energy) 23 ± 1.3 25 ± 1.1 20 ± 0.9 4.9 ± 0.8 < 0.001
  1. Values are means ± SEM. HD, high dairy; LD, low dairy; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty aid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; SFA, saturated fatty acid. *Probability of differences between the end of the 2 diet periods (paired sample t-tests)