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Table 2 Cardiometabolic variables at baseline, at end of LD and at end of HD

From: Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic health: outcomes of a 12-month crossover trial

Variable Baseline End HD End LD Change HD-LD P-value*
n 36 36 36 36  
RMR (MJ/d) 6.7 ± 0.3 6.9 ± 0.3 6.9 ± 0.3 0.06 ± 0.3 0.86
Energy expenditure (MJ/d) 16.1 ± 0.7 16.1 ± 0.7 15.9 ± 0.7 0.3 ± 0.4 0.51
Body weight (kg) 88.6 ± 2.9 90.8 ± 3.0 90.3 ± 3.0 0.5 ± 0.5 0.29
BMI (kg/m2) 31.5 ± 0.9 32.2 ± 1.0 32.0 ± 0.9 0.2 ± 0.2 0.20
Waist circumference (cm) 98.2 ± 2.4 98.9 ± 2.4 98.3 ± 2.5 0.6 ± 0.6 0.33
Hip circumference (cm) 114.3 ± 2.0 115.8 ± 2.1 115.4 ± 2.1 0.5 ± 0.3 0.18
Body fat (%) 43.0 ± 1.5 43.6 ± 1.5 43.5 ± 1.5 0.1 ± 0.3 0.67
Fat mass (kg) 36.6 ± 1.9 38.0 ± 2.0 37.7 ± 2.0 0.3 ± 0.4 0.46
Lean mass (kg) 48.0 ± 1.9 48.5 ± 1.9 48.3 ± 1.9 0.1 ± 0.3 0.60
Abdominal fat (kg) 2.6 ± 0.2 2.7 ± 0.2 2.7 ± 0.2 -0.01 ± 0.03 0.71
Bone mineral density (g/cm2) 1.3 ± 0.02 1.3 ± 0.02 1.2 ± 0.02 0.002 ± 0.004 0.65
SBP (mm Hg) 125.9 ± 2.2 131.8 ± 2.6 130.9 ± 2.3 0.9 ± 1.4 0.51
DBP (mm Hg) 69.2 ± 1.4 70.3 ± 1.5 71.3 ± 1.3 -1.0 ± 1.1 0.34
LAEI (ml/mm Hg × 100) 16.0 ± 4.7 14.9 ± 4.4 15.4 ± 5.4 -1.0 ± 0.8 0.25
SAEI (ml/mm Hg × 100) 7.0 ± 0.7 6.3 ± 0.6 7.3 ± 0.8 -1.0 ± 0.5 0.03
Plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.8 ± 0.1 5.9 ± 0.1 5.8 ± 0.1 0.04 ± 0.5 0.64
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.1 ± 0.1 1.3 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 0.1 ± 0.3 0.21
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.1 ± 0.2 5.4 ± 0.2 5.4 ± 0.2 -0.01 ± 0.5 0.86
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.4 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 -0.02 ± 0.1 0.51
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.7 ± 0.1 3.9 ± 0.1 3.9 ± 0.1 0.002 ± 0.4 0.98
hs-CRP (mg/L) 6.4 ± 1.7 4.4 ± 0.8 4.9 ± 1.4 -0.5 ± 5.1 0.57
  1. Values are means ± SEM. BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HD, high dairy; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; hs-CRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; LAEI, large arterial elasticity index; LD, low dairy; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; RMR, resting metabolic rate; SAEI, small arterial elasticity index; SBP, systolic blood pressure. *Probability of differences between the end of the 2 diet periods (paired sample t-tests)