Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Mean change in cardiometabolic variables during HD and LD

From: Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic health: outcomes of a 12-month crossover trial

Variable Mean change during HD Mean change during LD P-value*
n 36 36  
Body weight (kg) 1.8 ± 0.4 0.2 ± 0.5 0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 0.6 ± 0.1 0.0003 ± 0.2 0.01
Waist circumference (cm) 0.8 ± 0.6 -0.8 ± 0.6 0.14
Hip circumference (cm) 1.5 ± 0.4 0.005 ± 0.4 0.03
Body fat (%) 0.7 ± 0.3 0.1 ± 0.3 0.28
Fat mass (kg) 1.3 ± 0.4 0.2 ± 0.3 0.05
Lean mass (kg) 0.3 ± 0.3 0.01 ± 0.3 0.60
Abdominal fat (kg) 0.09 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.03 0.81
Bone mineral density (g/cm2) -0.004 ± 0.003 -0.004 ± 0.004 0.96
SBP (mm Hg) 4.3 ± 1.6 0.8 ± 1.5 0.19
DBP (mm Hg) 0.6 ± 0.8 2.0 ± 1.0 0.40
LAEI (ml/mm Hg × 100) -0.6 ± 0.4 0.5 ± 0.9 0.33
SAEI (ml/mm Hg × 100) -0.9 ± 0.4 0.6 ± 0.6 0.07
Plasma glucose (mmol/L) -0.008 ± 0.09 -0.03 ± 0.09 0.87
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.2 ± 0.07 -0.03 ± 0.06 0.09
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.08 ± 0.07 0.2 ± 0.1 0.39
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) -0.01 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.03 0.31
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.09 ± 0.05 0.2 ± 0.1 0.53
hs-CRP (mg/L) -1.2 ± 1.4 -0.09 ± 0.9 0.54
  1. Values are means ± SEM. BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HD, high dairy; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; hs-CRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; LAEI, large arterial elasticity index; LD, low dairy; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; SAEI, small arterial elasticity index; SBP, systolic blood pressure. *Probability of differences between the 2 means (paired sample t-tests)