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Table 1 Characteristics of participants at baselinea

From: A diet based on multiple functional concepts improves cardiometabolic risk parameters in healthy subjects

  Whole group (n = 44) Females (n = 36)b Males (n = 8)
Age (y) 63.3 ± 0.8 63.2 ± 0.8 63.6 ± 1.9
Body weight (kg) 79.4 ± 1.4 77.4 ± 1.9 88.6 ± 2.5
BMI (kg/m2) 28.5 ± 0.3 28.5 ± 0.4 28.3 ± 0.3
Cholesterol (mmol/L)    
Total 5.75 ± 0.16 5.79 ± 0.16 5.55 ± 0.25
LDL 3.65 ± 0.15 3.64 ± 0.80 3.68 ± 0.40
HDL 1.54 ± 0.05 1.62 ± 0.06 1.20 ± 0.01
Triacylglycerols (mmol/L) 1.33 ± 0.11 1.17 ± 0.05 2.09 ± 0.20
Apolipoproteins (g/L)    
Apo A-1 1.64 ± 0.03 1.68 ± 0.04 1.42 ± 0.07
Apo B 0.96 ± 0.04 0.96 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.11
Insulin (mU/L) 6.75 ± 0.66 6.06 ± 0.21 9.87 ± 0.01
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.20 ± 0.06 5.18 ± 0.11 5.32 ± 0.03
HOMA-IR 1.41 ± 0.15 1.25 ± 0.07 2.16 ± 0.01
HbA1c (%) 4.58 ± 0.05 4.59 ± 0.03 4.53 ± 0.05
Free fatty acids (mmol/L) 0.39 ± 0.02 0.41 ± 0.07 0.35 ± 0.05
CRP (mg/L) 2.58 ± 0.34 2.79 ± 0.22 1.61 ± 0.15
IL-6 (ng/L) 0.82 ± 0.07 0.82 ± 0.03 0.81 ± 0.13
TNF-α (ng/L) 10.51 ± 0.36 10.55 ± 0.35 10.38 ± 2.00
PAI-1 (U/mL) 24.56 ± 2.28 22.83 ± 0.31 30.63 ± 2.67
Blood Pressure (mm Hg)    
Systolic 138.5 ± 2.8 139.1 ± 4.0 136.3 ± 1.2
Diastolic 80.3 ± 1.3 80.5 ± 2.0 79.8 ± 7.5
  1. aValues are means ± SEM
  2. b Thirty-five post-menopausal, 1 peri-menopausal.