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Table 3 Proposed functional action, previously tested dose and actual average content of active components in the active diet

From: A diet based on multiple functional concepts improves cardiometabolic risk parameters in healthy subjects

  Main functional role Previously tested dose (g/day) References Content in the AD (g/day)
     Women Men
Soybean/soy protein Cholesterol-lowering, anti-inflammatory 25-47 [4, 30, 3335] 21 25
Viscous fibers Cholesterol- lowering, prebiotic, GI-reducing 10-25 [12, 19]   
β-glucans     5.8 6.2
Guar gum     5.6 6.7
Total     11.4 12.9
Long chain ω-3 fatty acids (20:5 + 22:6) Triglyceride-lowering, anti-inflammatory 2-6 [17, 26] 2.4 3.0
Almonds Cholesterol-lowering 28-100 [4, 32] 28 28
Plant stanols Cholesterol-lowering 2-3 [4, 31] 2.0 2.7
Cinnamon Antioxidant 6 [25] 3.0 3.0
Blueberries Antioxidant, prebiotic 350 [36] 74.5 94.5
Vinegar GI -reducing 20 [14] 22.5 22.5
Probiotic Cholesterol-lowering, anti-inflammatory 1010 CFU [18, 37, 38] 0.1 (1010 CFU) 0.1 (1010 CFU)
Whey protein* GI-reducing 10 [15] 4.3 4.3
  1. *Whey protein (10 g) was only consumed simultaneously with high glycemic index meals (potatoes, parsnip), 3 times per week.