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Table 4 Plasma cytokines in diet induced obese mice fed 0.5% Ca (Control), 1.5% Ca (High-Ca), or 1.5% Ca + nonfat dry milk (High-Ca + NFDM)1

From: A high calcium diet containing nonfat dry milk reduces weight gain and associated adipose tissue inflammation in diet-induced obese mice when compared to high calcium alone

  Diet
Cytokine Control High-Ca High-Ca + NFDM
  ng/L
IL-6 2.7 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 1.1 1.6 ± 0.3*
IL-10 3.7 ± 3.3 6.4 ± 4.4 3.9 ± 2.5
IL-12(p70) 4.3 ± 1.7 12.9 ± 4.2 7.9 ± 4.5
MCP-1 16.1 ± 2.5 16.1 ± 3.7 9.6 ± 3.9
TNFα 3.2 ± 0.2 3.0 ± 0.2 3.8 ± 0.9
IL-15 38.6 ± 6.2 48.2 ± 11.4 70.8 ± 22.7
  1. 1Values are means + SE, n = 15. * P < 0.05 compared to mice fed high-Ca.