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Table 1 Composition of the control (C) and inulin (IN) diets without or with the addition of grapefruit flavonoid extract (GFE)

From: Does dietary inulin affect biological activity of a grapefruit flavonoid-rich extract?

Ingredient (%) Diet
  C IN C + GFE IN + GFE
Casein 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Soy protein isolate 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
DL-methionine 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sucrose 5 - 5 -
Inulin1 - 5 - 5
Cellulose 5 5 5 5
Maize starch 46.1 46.1 45.8 45.8
Grapefruit extract2 - - 0.3 0.3
Soybean oil 7 7 7 7
Pork fat 7 7 7 7
Cholesterol 1 1 1 1
Choline chloride 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mineral mix3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Vitamin mix4 2 2 2 2
  1. 1 A commercial preparation consisted of long-chain, linear-type fructans (98%) with a degree of polymerisation > 10 (Sensus, the Netherlands).
  2. 2 A commercial preparation (Cintamani, Poland) from the hard parts of grapefruit (stone, peel, pith) containing flavonoids (52.8%), silicon dioxide (25%), glycerol (17.8%) and vitamin C (4.4%).
  3. 3 Composition per kg mix: 357 g calcium carbonate anhydrous (40.04% Ca), 196 g potassium phosphate monobasic (22.76% P, 28.73% K), 70.78 g potassium citrate, tripotassium monohydrate (36.16% K), 74 g sodium chloride (39.34% Na, 60.66% Cl), 46.6 g potassium sulfate (44.87% K, 18.39% S), 24 g magnesium oxide (60.32% Mg), 6.06 g ferric citrate (16.5% Fe), 1.65 g zinc carbonate (52.14% Zn), 1.45 g sodium metasilicated 9H2O (9.88% Si), 0.63 g manganous carbonate (47.79% Mn), 0.3 g cupric carbonate (57.47% Cu), 0.275 g chromium potassium sulfated 12H2O (10.42% Cr), 81.5 mg boric acid (17.5% B), 63.5 mg sodium fluoride (45.24% F), 31.8 mg nickel carbonate (45% Ni), 17.4 mg lithium chloride (16.38% Li), 10.25 mg sodium selenate anhydrous (41.79% Se), 10 mg potassium iodate (59.3% I), 7.95 mg ammonium paramolybdated 4H2O (54.34% Mo), 6.6 mg ammonium vanadate (43.55% V), 221.026 g powdered sucrose.
  4. 4 Composition (g/kg mix): 3.0 nicotinic acid, 1.6 Ca pantothenate, 0.7 pyridoxine-HCl, 0.6 thiamin-HCl, 0.6 riboflavin, 0.2 folic acid, 0.02 biotin, 2.5 vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamin, 0.1% in mannitol), 15.0 vitamin E (all-rac-a-tocopheryl acetate, 500 IU/g), 0.8 vitamin A (all-trans-retinyl palmitate, 500 IU/g), 0.25 vitamin D-3 (cholecalciferol, 400 IU/g), 0.075 vitamin K-1 (phylloquinone), 974.655 powdered sucrose.