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Table 2 Body weight, mass of liver and kidneys, serum aminotransferase activity and urea concentration, and basic caecal indices of rats consuming control (C) and inulin (IN) diets without or with the addition of grapefruit flavonoid extract (GFE)

From: Does dietary inulin affect biological activity of a grapefruit flavonoid-rich extract?

Index Diet Pooled
SEM
ANOVA (P value)
  C IN C + GFE IN + GFE   IN GFE IN × GFE
Final body weight (g) 257 259 265 265 2.762 NS NS NS
Liver         
   Mass* 4.44 4.70 4.56 4.58 0.043 NS NS NS
   ALT (U/l serum) 35.0 36.1 36.3 38.5 1.493 NS NS NS
   AST (U/l serum) 128 126 127 119 5.123 NS NS NS
Kidneys         
   Mass* 0.690 0.697 0.683 0.692 0.008 NS NS NS
   Urea (mg/dl serum) 51.5 49.1 49.0 48.4 1.366 NS NS NS
Caecum         
   Tissue mass* 0.297 0.327 0.505 0.544 0.022 NS < 0.001 NS
   Digesta mass* 0.895c 1.106c 2.791a 2.242b 0.159 NS < 0.001 < 0.05
   Dry matter of digesta (%) 28.0 27.4 18.4 19.7 0.903 NS < 0.001 NS
   Ammonia (mg/g digesta) 0.457 0.400 0.301 0.272 0.018 NS < 0.001 NS
   Protein (mg/g digesta) 0.208 0.214 0.174 0.183 0.004 NS < 0.001 NS
   pH of digesta 7.01b 6.65c 7.15a 7.09ab 0.040 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase.
  2. a, b, c Values not sharing the same superscript letters within a row are different at P ≤ 0.05.
  3. * g/100 g body weight.