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Table 2 Odds ratio and 95% CI for MSG intake associated with increased risks of insulin resistance, overweight, and metabolic syndrome

From: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population

  Number of participants OR (95%CI) P
Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR > 3) 349 1.05(0.94–1.18)* 0.371
Overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2 ) 349 1.16(1.04–1.29)* 0.007
Metabolic syndrome (ATPIII criteria) 349 1.14(1.12–1.28)* 0.025
  1. * adjusted for sex, age, physical activity level, smoking level, history of diabetes and calories intake.