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Table 2 Blood profiles of the mice after the 19-week experiment

From: Effects of high-fat diet and physical activity on pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 in mouse skeletal muscle

Basic data Low-fat diet High-fat diet ANOVAP-value
Sedentary (n=14) Running (n=15) Sedentary (n=14) Running (n=15) Diet Running Diet*Running
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)# 2.99 ± 0.88 2.70 ± 0.36 4.90 ± 0.54*** 4.52 ± 0.49***,¤¤¤ <0.001 0.033 0.795
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.97 ± 0.23 1.05 ± 0.21 1.00 ± 0.24 0.90 ± 0.13¤ 0.274 0.807 0.089
Free fatty acids (mmol/l) 0.82 ± 0.15 0.92 ± 0.16 0.49 ± 0.13*** 0.44 ± 0.12***,¤¤¤ <0.001 0.572 0.108
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 8.92 ± 1.17 8.45 ± 0.90 9.39 ± 1.12 10.53 ± 0.72***,§§,¤¤¤ <0.001 0.201 0.003
Fasting insulin (ng/ml)# 0.43 ± 0.24 0.27 ± 0.16* 2.25 ± 1.11*** 2.14 ± 0.82***,¤¤¤ <0.001 0.125 0.112
  1. #Logarithmic transformation for normality and comparison.
  2. Fasting blood glucose and insulin were measured after 18 weeks. * = vs. LFsed(P < 0.05), *** = vs. LFsed (P < 0.001), §§ = vs. HFsed (P < 0.01), ¤ = vs. LFexe (P < 0.05), ¤¤¤ = LFexe (P < 0.001). Results are means (±SD).