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Table 1 Energy and macronutrient intakes in adults on the CARB and PRO diets 1

From: Effects of protein intake and gender on body composition changes: a randomized clinical weight loss trial

   Baseline 4 months 12 months
   CARB PRO CARB PRO CARB PRO
Energy, MJ F 8.73 ± 1.90 8.74 ± 1.47a 6.11 ± 1.29c 6.14 ± 1.06ac 6.23 ± 1.05c 6.48 ± 1.55ac
M 8.55 ± 2.78b 11.4 ± 3.20 6.61 ± 2.05c 7.45 ± 1.74c 7.68 ± 1.88 8.03 ± 1.67c
Protein, g/d F 78 ± 18 78 ± 17a 64 ± 11bc 103 ± 23abc 64 ± 14b 101 ± 23abc
M 87 ± 28b 114 ± 43 75 ± 15bc 129 ± 26bc 76 ± 16b 134 ± 32bc
Protein, %E F 15.0 ± 3.5 14.9 ± 3.3 17.5 ± 3.0 28.1 ± 6.3 17.2 ±3.8 26.1 ± 5.9
M 17.0 ± 5.5 16.8 ± 6.3 19.0 ± 3.8 29.0 ± 5.8 16.6 ±3.5 28.0 ± 6.7
Carbohydrate, g/d F 268 ± 67 266 ± 60a 208 ± 47bc 154 ± 36c 210 ± 48bc 154 ± 43c
M 251 ± 82b 324 ± 118 244 ± 60b 172 ± 55c 267 ± 86b 185 ± 56c
Carbohydrate, %E F 51.4 ± 12.9 51.0 ± 11.5 57.0 ± 12.9 42.0 ± 9.8 56.5 ± 12.9 39.8 ± 11.1
M 49.2 ± 16.1 47.6 ±17.3 61.8 ± 15.2 38.7 ±12.4 58.2 ± 18.8 38.6 ±11.7
Fat, g/d F 77 ± 22 79 ± 23a 44 ± 14c 52 ± 10ac 49 ± 17c 60 ± 19ac
M 72 ± 30b 108 ± 40 42 ± 14bc 66 ± 17c 55 ± 18bc 74 ± 15c
Fat, %E F 33.2 ± 9.5 34.1 ± 9.9 27.1 ± 8.6 31.9 ± 6.1 29.6 ± 10.3 34.9 ± 11.0
M 31.7 ± 13.2 35.7 ± 13.2 23.9 ± 8.0 33.4 ± 3.8 27.0 ± 8.8 34.7 ± 7.0
  1. 1 Values are mean ± SD, n = 130. %E = percentage of energy. Compared using an unstructured repeated measures model, α = 0.05, with no adjustment for multiple comparisons. a Differs from males within time and diet. b Differs from PRO within time and gender. c Differs from baseline within diet and sex. CARB = higher carbohydrate diet. PRO = higher protein diet. 4 month = 4 months of weight loss intervention from baseline. 12 months = 4 months of weight loss and additional 8 months of weight maintenance from baseline.