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Table 3 Other chemical elements found in honey*

From: Nutraceutical values of natural honey and its contribution to human health and wealth

Element Amount (mg/100 g) Element Amount (mg/100 g)
Aluminium (Al) 0.01 – 2.4 Lead (Pb)a,b 0.001 – 0.03
Arsenic (As)a,b 0.014 – 0.026 Lithium (Li) 0.225 – 1.56
Barium (Ba) 0.01 – 0.08 Molybdenum (Mo)a 0 – 0.004
Boron (B) 0.05 – 0.3 Nickel (Ni)a 0 – 0.051
Bromine (Br) 0.4 – 1.3 Rubidium (Rb) 0.040 – 3.5
Cadmium (Cd)a,b 0 – 0.001 Silicon (Si) 0.05 – 24
Chlorine (Cl) 0.4 – 56 Strontium (Sr) 0.04 – 0.35
Cobalt (Co)a 0.1 – 0.35 Sulphur (S) 0.7 – 26
Fluoride (F) 0.4 – 1.34 Vanadium (V) 0 – 0.013
Iodide (I) 10 – 100 Zirconium (Zr) 0.05 – 0.08
  1. *Adapted from [2, 3]aHeavy metals.
  2. bToxic heavy metals listed amongst the first 20 top hazardous substances in the priority list compiled by ATSDR thus 1 : Ar, 2 : Pb, 7 : Cd; Presence and toxicity in NH can be due to contamination through human error or inimical practices.