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Table 1 Comparison of leucine-insulin-IGF-1-signaling between dairy-derived signaling proteins versus meat-derived structural proteins[116118]

From: The impact of cow's milk-mediated mTORC1-signaling in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer

Protein source Leucine Insulin IGF-1
Whey ↑↑↑ ↑↑↑  
Casein ↑↑   ↑↑↑
Milk protein ↑↑ ↑↑↑
Meat protein ↑↑