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Table 1 Composition of the diet (as fed)

From: Dietary resistant starch dose-dependently reduces adiposity in obesity-prone and obesity-resistant male rats

  Moderate fat Resistant starch
   0% 4% 8% 12% 16%
Ingredients, g/kg       
 LAMS 1 215 530 400 270 130 0
 HAMS 2 0 0 130 260 400 530
 Casein 190 200 200 200 200 200
 Maltodextrin10 75 0 0 0 0 0
 Sucrose 290 100 100 100 100 100
 Anhydrous milk fat 3 44.2 0 0 0 0 0
 Sunflower seed oil 118 70 70 70 70 70
 Wheat bran 0 50 50 50 50 50
 α-cellulose 30 0 0 0 0 0
 Vitamins 4 11 10 10 10 10 10
 Minerals 4 40 35 35 35 35 35
 L-cystine 3 3 3 3 3 3
 Choline bitartrate 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Energy5, kJ/g 17.9 15.7 15.1 14.5 13.8 13.2
  1. 1 LAMS, low amylose maize starch.
  2. 2 HAMS, high amylose maize starch was 1043 (National Starch, Australia), type 2 RS (RS2), composition per 100 g; 91 g total starch, 30 g resistant starch, 10.8 g moisture, 0.2 g fat, 0.8 g protein.
  3. 3Anhydrous milk fat, 99.9% fat (Fonterra, Mount Waverley, Australia).
  4. 4 Vitamin and mineral mix AIN-93G[10].
  5. 5 Energy content of the diets was calculated based on energy values provided by the manufacturer for individual ingredients. An energy value of 10.45 kJ was used for HAMS[11], as referred to by Aziz et al.[6].