Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of the study population by gender and drinking status *

From: Association of alcohol consumption and components of metabolic syndrome among people in rural China

  All participants Women p values Men p values
Drinker (n = 1,506) Non-drinker (n = 11,999) Drinker (n = 3747) Non-drinker (n = 3250)
Age at interview (yeas, median ± IQR) 55.7 ± 18.2 57.8 ± 14.2 53.8 ± 17.7 <0.001 57.6 ± 15.3 59.5 ± 16.9 <0.001
Weight (kg, mean ± SD) 60.2 ± 0.1 58.1 ± 0.3 58.2 ± 0.1 0.855 64.7 ± 0.2 63.6 ± 0.2 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2, mean ± SD) 23.7 ± 0.0 23.7 ± 0.1 24.0 ± 0.0 0.029 23.3 ± 0.1 23.2 ± 0.1 0.020
Red meat (g/day, median ± IQR) 18.9 ± 22.8 18.9 ± 24.2 18.9 ± 24.2 0.169 25.1 ± 25.1 18.9 ± 18.9 <0.001
White meat (g/day, median ± IQR) 10.8 ± 18.2 10.8 ± 17.0 10.8 ± 17.2 0.473 14.1 ± 18.2 10.8 ± 18.2 <0.001
Fish (g/day, median ± IQR) 22.1 ± 34.1 20.4 ± 34.1 20.4 ± 26.6 0.159 22.1 ± 31.0 22.1 ± 35.4 <0.001
Vegetables (g/day, median ± IQR) 225.0 ± 187.5 267.9 ± 187.5 225.0 ± 225.0 0.013 300.0 ± 187.5 262.5 ± 225.0 0.017
Fruits (g/day, median ± IQR) 17.5 ± 41.5 13.7 ± 41.5 17.5 ± 41.5 0.003 18.0 ± 41.3 18.3 ± 41.3 0.626
Soy food (g/day, median ± IQR) 28.6 ± 57.1 28.0 ± 35.7 28.6 ± 57.1 <0.001 32.9 ± 57.1 32.9 ± 57.1 0.450
MS (%) 21.1 20.6 23.6 0.009 16.4 17.1 0.477
Education (%)        
Primary school/under 59.7 69.1 63.3   50.8 52.8  
Middle school 27.9 22.0 26.9   31.1 30.1  
High school/above 12.4 8.9 9.8 <0.001 18.1 17.1 0.057
Marriage (%)        
Yes 90.0 90.7 90.1   91.1 88.2  
No# 10.0 9.3 9.9 0.644 9.0 11.8 <0.001
Income per person (%)        
≤500 Yuan 64.3 63.0 65.2   61.4 64.4  
501-1000 Yuan 29.1 29.6 29.2   29.8 28.0  
≥1001 Yuan 6.6 7.4 5.6 0.294 8.8 7.7 0.007
Farmer (%)        
Yes 64.9 73.5 68.6   55.3 59.0  
No 35.1 26.5 31.4 <0.001 44.7 41.0 <0.001
Ever smoked (%)        
Yes 18.8 11.5 2.7   58.3 35.4  
No 81.2 88.5 97.3 <0.001 41.7 64.6 <0.001
Tea consumption (%)        
Yes 15.2 15.1 10.0   28.4 19.3  
No 84.8 84.9 90.0 <0.001 71.6 80.7 <0.001
Exercise (%)        
Yes 9.3 8.8 10.1   8.2 7.7  
No 90.7 91.2 89.9 0.092 91.8 92.3 0.508
  1. *Means, percentages and their p values were adjusted for age at interview. IQR: inter-quartile range (25-75th percentiles). #Including widowed, divorced/separated and single.