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Table 1 General characteristics of study population compared by sex and separated by ethnicity

From: Ethnicity, sex, FADS genetic variation, and hormonal contraceptive use influence delta-5- and delta-6-desaturase indices and plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentration in young Canadian adults: a cross-sectional study

  Caucasians East Asians
Males Females p-value Males Females p-value
Population (#) 113 SEM 298 SEM   98 SEM 277 SEM  
Age (yrs) 23.1 0.2 23.1 0.1 0.87 22.4 0.2 22.1 0.1 0.26
BMI (kg/m2) 23.3 0.3 23.1 0.2 0.54 23.2 0.3 21.2 0.1 <0.01*
HOMA-IR 1.2 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.02* 1.4 0.1 1.5 0.1 0.84
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.9 0.1 4.7 <0.1 <0.01* 5.0 <0.1 4.7 <0.1 <0.01*
Insulin (pmol/L) 37.1 2.1 47.4 1.7 <0.01* 45.7 2.3 48.1 2.9 0.62
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.0 0.1 4.4 0.1 <0.01* 4.1 0.1 4.3 <0.1 <0.05*
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.4 <0.1 1.7 <0.1 <0.01* 1.4 <0.1 1.7 <0.1 <0.01*
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.1 0.1 2.2 <0.1 0.32 2.3 0.1 2.2 <0.1 0.24
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.0 0.1 1.0 <0.1 0.86 1.0 0.1 1.0 <0.1 0.19
Free fatty acids (μmol/L) 454 24.6 489 14.2 0.21 453 21.4 521 15.4 0.02*
% Total energy from fat 27.4 0.6 27.9 0.4 0.56 26.3 0.5 26.2 0.3 0.98
  1. Statistical differences were determined using Student’s t-test. The * denotes p-values which are significant.
  2. Abbreviation: SEM standard error of the mean.