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Table 2 Associations of different adiposity measures with the serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentration

From: Adiposity measures and vitamin D concentrations in Northeast Germany and Denmark

Adiposity measures Study ß coefficient Standard error p
VAT SHIP-Trend −0.581 0.174 <0.01
Health2006 −0.552 0.069 <0.01
SAT SHIP-Trend −0.481 0.102 <.001
Health2006 −0.496 0.117 <0.01
%Bodyfat SHIP-Trend −0.266 0.059 <.001
Health2006 0.469a 0.101 <0.01
−0.010b 0.002 <0.01
BMI SHIP-1 −0.253 0.031 <0.01
Health2006 −0.250 0.034 <0.01
Waist circumference SHIP-1 −0.112 0.013 <0.01
Health2006 −0.112 0.013 <0.01
Waist-to-hip ratio SHIP-1 −16.212 2.625 <0.01
Health2006 −14.898 2.370 <0.01
Waist-to-height ratio SHIP-1 −19.270 2.114 <0.01
Health2006 −18.837 2.232 <0.01
Body surface area SHIP-1 −5.090 0.878 <0.01
Health2006 −5.363 0.883 <0.01
  1. ß-coefficients, standard errors, and p-values from fully-adjusted multivariable linear regression analyses. Effect estimates for a one unit increase in the adiposity measures were modeled. For example, in SHIP-1 a one kg/m2 increase in BMI is associated with a decrease in the 25OHD concentration of 0.25 ng/ml. All models were adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and month of blood sampling
  2. The association between %bodyfat and the 25OHD concentration in Health2006 is non-linear. Therefore, we included %bodyfat and %bodyfat squared in the regression model
  3. BMI body mass index, SAT abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, VAT visceral adipose tissue
  4. alinear term
  5. bsquared term