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Table 2 Multivariable-adjusted ORs (95 % CIs) of incident MetS and its components by quartiles of sugar sweetened beverage consumption after 3.6 years of follow up among children and adolescents

From: Consumption of sugar sweetened beverage is associated with incidence of metabolic syndrome in Tehranian children and adolescents

  Quartiles P for trend1
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Median intake (ml/d) 9.3 32.0 58.6 142.2  
MetS      
 Model 1 1.00 1.06 (0.31–3.57) 2.84 (0.97–8.37) 3.00 (0.99–9.05) 0.009
 Model 2 1.00 1.02 (0.30–3.48) 2.94 (0.99–8.74) 3.16 (1.02–9.78) 0.007
 Model 3 1.00 1.11 (0.32–3.82) 2.96 (0.99–8.80) 3.50 (1.12–10.92) 0.005
Low HDL-C      
 Model 1 1.00 0.72 (0.24–2.16) 0.96 (0.33–2.82) 0.55 (0.17–1.81) 0.434
 Model 2 1.00 0.61 (0.19–1.89) 0.93 (0.31–2.78) 0.42 (0.11–1.55) 0.320
 Model 3 1.00 0.65 (0.21–2.07) 0.97 (0.32–2.93) 0.45 (0.12–1.66) 0.386
Abdominal obesity      
 Model 1 1.00 1.53 (0.63–3.71) 1.65 (0.61–3.94) 2.94 (1.27–6.82) 0.012
 Model 2 1.00 1.58 (0.65–3.86) 1.70 (0.70–4.09) 2.97 (1.23–7.19) 0.017
 Model 3 1.00 2.16 (0.82–5.68) 1.86 (0.71–4.84) 3.66 (1.40–9.59) 0.016
Hypertension      
 Model 1 1.00 1.46 (0.45–4.77) 2.66 (0.89–7.96) 2.41 (0.79–7.73) 0.070
 Model 2 1.00 1.47 (0.45–4.82) 2.68 (0.89–8.11) 2.45 (0.78–7.70) 0.072
 Model 3 1.00 1.73 (0.52–5.74) 3.02 (0.98–9.25) 2.90 (0.91–9.26) 0.043
High FPG      
 Model 1 1.00 1.22 (0.56–3.22) 1.90 (0.76–4.72) 2.07 (0.79–5.39) 0.079
 Model 2 1.00 1.17 (0.44–3.08) 1.83 (0.73–4.58) 1.90 (0.71–5.09) 0.109
 Model 3 1.00 1.21 (0.48–3.21) 1.87 (0.75–4.68) 1.95 (0.73–5.22) 0.108
High TGs      
 Model 1 1.00 0.76 (0.24–2.38) 1.57 (0.57–4.33) 1.70 (0.58–4.99) 0.156
 Model 2 1.00 0.74 (0.23–2.33) 1.53 (0.55–4.29) 1.66 (0.55–5.05) 0.173
 Model 3 1.00 0.82 (0.26–2.61) 1.62 (0.57–4.58) 1.80 (0.59–5.25) 0.148
  1. MetS metabolic syndrome, HDL-C high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TGs triglycerides
  2. Model1: Adjusted for baseline age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, and family history of diabetes
  3. Model 2: Additionally adjusted for dietary fiber, tea and coffee, red and processed meat, fruit, and vegetable
  4. Model 3: Additionally adjusted for body mass index
  5. 1Based on logistic regression model using median intake of sugar sweetened beverages in each quartile as a continuous variable