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Table 8 Cytokine concentrations of overweight and obese older adults in control and olive oil groups at baseline and month 3a

From: Cardio-metabolic and immunological impacts of extra virgin olive oil consumption in overweight and obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial

  Control (N = 21)   Olive Oil (N = 20)
Variables Baseline Month 3   Baseline Month 3 P *
    pg/ml    
IL-6 28159 ± 2555 26695 ± 3141   28798 ± 2217 30394 ± 3285 0.25
PGE2 5264 ± 802 4218 ± 562   3768 ± 605 3593 ± 3593 1.00
TNF-α 1878 ± 269 1806 ± 242   1720 ± 295 1785 ± 200 0.31
IL-2-CD3 218 ± 40 195 ± 41   209 ± 33 236 ± 46 0.73
IL-2-Con A 5709 ± 903 5553 ± 836   6073 ± 690 5500 ± 570 0.78
IFN-γ-CD3 7913 ± 1483 7718 ± 1474   5298 ± 1501 7146 ± 1922 0.11
IFN-γ-Con A 16648 ± 2857 13910 ± 3232   15530 ± 3090 14551 ± 2847 0.20
  1. Abbreviations: Con A cancanavalin A, IFN-γ interferon gamma, IL-6 interleukin-6, IL-2 interleukin-2, PGE 2 prostaglandin E2, TNF-α tumor necrosis factor-alpha
  2. * P-value for difference between groups was obtained by ANCOVA adjusting for age, sex, and baseline value
  3. aValues are mean ± SEM