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Table 2 Plasma fatty acids (mg/ml; mean ± SD) of animals fed high carbohydrate diets

From: Comparative study of the modulation of fructose/sucrose-induced hepatic steatosis by mixed lipid formulations varying in unsaturated fatty acid content

Fatty acids Control (no added lipid) SO OOSO MNO FO
A. Starch diet
 16:0 0.57 ± 0.07a 0.66 ± 0.07 0.67 ± 0.14 0.77 ± 0.09 0.62 ± 0.06
 16:1n-7 0.15 ± 0.02a*† 0.17 ± 0.04* 0.21 ± 0.08* 0.22 ± 0.05* 0.11 ± 0.02†
 18:0 0.17 ± 0.01a 0.19 ± 0.03 0.18 ± 0.02 0.23 ± 0.04 0.25 ± 0.08
 18:1n-9 0.51 ± 0.02a*† 0.62 ± 0.10*† 0.71 ± 0.18*† 0.83 ± 0.15* 0.47 ± 0.02†
 18:1n-7 0.12 ± 0.02a 0.13 ± 0.03 0.15 ± 0.05 0.17 ± 0.05 0.07 ± 0.01
 18:2n-6 0.35 ± 0.05a*† 0.50 ± 0.05* 0.45 ± 0.06* 0.46 ± 0.08* 0.37 ± 0.02†
 20:4n-6 0.19 ± 0.05a 0.28 ± 0.02 0.24 ± 0.02 0.30 ± 0.06 0.22 ± 0.05
 20:5n-3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.24 ± 0.03*
 22:6n-3 0.09 ± 0.02a 0.13 ± 0.02 0.13 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.07 0.33 ± 0.09*
B. Sucrose diet
 16:0 0.86 ± 0.05b 0.60 ± 0.09 0.62 ± 0.06 0.63 ± 0.11 0.53 ± 0.02
 16:1n-7 0.21 ± 0.04a 0.16 ± 0.01 0.21 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.07 0.17 ± 0.03
 18:0 0.24 ± 0.02b 0.22 ± 0.03 0.19 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.03 0.18 ± 0.01
 18:1n-9 1.21 ± 0.23b 0.73 ± 0.13*,† 0.84 ± 0.12*,† 0.90 ± 0.13* 0.61 ± 0.10†
 18:1n-7 0.24 ± 0.04b 0.18 ± 0.03 0.21 ± 0.04 0.22 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.03
 18:2n-6 0.31 ± 0.04a 0.41 ± 0.07* 0.41 ± 0.04* 0.36 ± 0.07*† 0.22 ± 0.03§
 20:4n-6 0.22 ± 0.05a 0.28 ± 0.05 0.27 ± 0.04 0.29 ± 0.06 0.16 ± 0.02*
 20:5n-3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.16 ± 0.03*
 22:6n-3 0.11 ± 0.02a 0.14 ± 0.02 0.13 ± 0.02 0.14 ± 0.02 0.24 ± 0.03*
C. Fructose diet
 16:0 0.54 ± 0.32a 0.71 ± 0.09 0.79 ± 0.08 0.69 ± 0.40 0.74 ± 0.15
 16:1n-7 0.12 ± 0.07a 0.17 ± 0.05 0.24 ± 0.05 0.22 ± 0.13 0.17 ± 0.03
 18:0 0.19 ± 0.11a,b 0.27 ± 0.02 0.23 ± 0.01 0.20 ± 0.11 0.22 ± 0.04
 18:1n-9 0.80 ± 0.47a,b 0.70 ± 0.11 0.97 ± 0.13 0.80 ± 0.45 0.78 ± 0.07
 18:1n-7 0.15 ± 0.09a,b 0.16 ± 0.04 0.24 ± 0.03* 0.20 ± 0.12 0.02 ± 0.02†
 18:2n-6 0.20 ± 0.12a 0.50 ± 0.12 0.42 ± 0.04 0.35 ± 0.21 0.27 ± 0.06
 20:4n-6 0.18 ± 0.10a 0.33 ± 0.05 0.29 ± 0.04 0.21 ± 0.12 0.22 ± 0.06
 20:5n-3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.19 ± 0.05*
 22:6n-3 0.08 ± 0.05a 0.16 ± 0.03 0.14 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.07 0.33 ± 0.09*
  1. Fatty acids with levels greater than 1 % of total fatty acids. Different alphabets (a, b) represent a statistical difference at P <0.05 between carbohydrate diets (no added lipids) whereas different symbols (*,†,§) represent a statistical difference between control and emulsion groups within each carbohydrate dietary group. Groups with the same alphabet letters or symbols are not statistically different from each other