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Table 3 Hepatic fatty acids (μg/mg protein; mean ± SD) of animals fed high carbohydrate diets

From: Comparative study of the modulation of fructose/sucrose-induced hepatic steatosis by mixed lipid formulations varying in unsaturated fatty acid content

Fatty acids Control (no added lipid) SO OOSO MNO FO
A. Starch diet
 16:0 7.59 ± 0.73a 7.84 ± 1.06 6.64 ± 0.53 9.26 ± 0.99 6.80 ± 0.61
 16:1n-7 1.53 ± 0.15a 1.53 ± 0.57 1.46 ± 0.30 2.26 ± 0.48 0.61 ± 0.37*
 18:0 3.42 ± 0.16a 3.26 ± 0.14 2.80 ± 0.30 3.16 ± 0.14 4.43 ± 0.92
 18:1n-9 5.91 ± 0.63a 6.68 ± 1.77 6.49 ± 1.06 10.58 ± 1.48* 3.65 ± 1.05†
 18:1n-7 1.74 ± 0.41a 1.61 ± 0.46 1.60 ± 0.51 2.66 ± 0.48 0.70 ± 0.14*
 18:2n-6 3.14 ± 0.09a 3.89 ± 0.88 3.27 ± 0.44 3.00 ± 0.64 3.28 ± 1.45
 20:4n-6 3.50 ± 0.23a 3.62 ± 0.30 3.06 ± 0.47 3.22 ± 0.32 3.05 ± 0.60
 20:5n-3 0.03 ± 0.02a 0.02 ± 0.02 0.01 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.02 1.23 ± 0.50*
 22:6n-3 2.01 ± 0.13a 2.22 ± 0.24 1.84 ± 0.18 2.00 ± 0.29 4.38 ± 0.15*
B. Sucrose diet
 16:0 12.06 ± 1.47b 7.25 ± 1.25 8.29 ± 1.56 8.06 ± 1.60 8.23 ± 0.81
 16:1n-7 2.44 ± 0.41b 1.27 ± 0.23 1.99 ± 0.50 1.95 ± 0.57 1.70 ± 0.14
 18:0 3.31 ± 0.61a 3.78 ± 0.36 3.87 ± 0.52 3.67 ± 0.17 4.02 ± 0.33
 18:1n-9 17.34 ± 4.92b 8.98 ± 2.72* 10.22 ± 2.65* 11.26 ± 3.61* 8.30 ± 1.43*
 18:1n-7 3.38 ± 0.29b 2.34 ± 0.76 2.82 ± 0.63 3.08 ± 0.38 1.92 ± 0.24
 18:2n-6 2.03 ± 0.06b 3.32 ± 0.59 3.86 ± 0.72 3.17 ± 0.45 2.36 ± 0.42
 20:4n-6 2.80 ± 0.19a 3.92 ± 0.37 4.15 ± 0.34 3.86 ± 0.28 2.68 ± 0.22
 20:5n-3 0.01 ± 0.02a 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.02 0.02 ± 0.02 1.41 ± 0.21*
 22:6n-3 1.55 ± 0.18a 2.07 ± 0.23* 2.46 ± 0.18* 2.25 ± 0.30* 3.93 ± 0.34†
C. Fructose diet
 16:0 18.27 ± 4.35c 6.83 ± 1.20* 6.84 ± 1.95* 7.24 ± 1.20* 8.27 ± 0.50*
 16:1n-7 3.30 ± 1.29b 1.08 ± 0.40* 1.38 ± 0.46* 1.58 ± 0.42* 1.36 ± 0.12*
 18:0 4.24 ± 0.25a 3.59 ± 0.30 3.12 ± 0.48 3.06 ± 0.24 3.71 ± 0.33
 18:1n-9 29.43 ± 5.86c 6.05 ± 1.15* 7.94 ± 1.32* 7.58 ± 2.17 8.10 ± 0.73*
 18:1n-7 5.10 ± 1.25c 1.71 ± 0.53* 2.05 ± 0.51* 2.26 ± 0.41* 1.49 ± 0.29*
 18:2n-6 2.03 ± 0.40b 3.23 ± 0.88 2.29 ± 0.61 2.49 ± 0.52* 1.90 ± 0.54
 20:4n-6 2.68 ± 0.17a 3.51 ± 0.19 3.04 ± 0.59 2.92 ± 0.24 2.53 ± 0.29
 20:5n-3 <0.01a 0.01 ± 0.02 0.01 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.22*
 22:6n-3 1.44 ± 0.21a 2.03 ± 0.33 1.59 ± 0.37 1.75 ± 0.27 3.95 ± 0.55*
  1. Fatty acids with levels greater than 1 % of total fatty acids. Different alphabets represent a statistical difference at P <0.05 between diets (no added lipids) whereas different symbols represent a statistical difference between emulsion groups within each dietary group