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Table 2 Correlations between Ghrelin, Adiponectin and Leptin and anthropometric and metabolic parameters among school-children by gender 11 to 15 years at baseline

From: Ghrelin, adipokines, metabolic factors in relation with weight status in school-children and results of a 1-year lifestyle intervention program

Parameters 2a: Boys 2b: Girls
Ghrelin (ng/L) Leptin(ng/mL) Adiponectin (μg/mL) Ghrelin (ng/L) Leptin(ng/mL) Adiponectin (μg/mL)
r P r P r P r P r P r P
BMI z-score −0.59 <0.001 0.70 <0.001 −0.40 0.005 −0.08 0.523 0.66 <0.001 −0.40 0.001
WC (cm) −0.64 <0.001 0.78 <0.001 −0.46 0.001 −0.12 0.313 0.79 <0.001 −0.46 <0.001
WHtR −0.51 <0.001 0.85 <0.001 −0.36 0.013 −0.10 0.399 0.73 <0.001 −0.50 <0.001
FBG (mmol/L) −0.37 0.001 0.25 0.087 −0.10 0.483 0.07 0.587 0.36 0.003 −0.32 0.006
HDL-C (mmol/L) 0.41 0.005 −0.36 0.013 0.57 <0.001 0.16 0.190 −0.39 0.001 0.46 <0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 0.36 0.014 0.28 0.058 0.11 0.485 0.17 0.149 −0.05 0.707 −0.02 0.881
TG (mmol/L) −0.10 0.492 0.53 <0.001 −0.18 0.238 0.21 0.076 0.25 0.038 −0.07 0.585
Insulin (μU/mL) −0.52 <0.001 0.55 <0.001 −0.44 0.002 −0.13 0.267 0.47 <0.001 −0.35 0.003
HOMA-IR index −0.53 <0.001 0.57 <0.001 −0.44 0.002 −0.11 0.357 0.50 <0.001 −0.36 0.003
  1. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHtR wait-to-height ratio, FBG Fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance
  2. All p-values are in italic and significant p-value are in bolditalic