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Table 6 Cathepsin B and L activities (nmol AMC/mg protein/hour)

From: Alterations in protein and amino acid metabolism in rats fed a branched-chain amino acid- or leucine-enriched diet during postprandial and postabsorptive states

  Fed animals Overnight starved animals
SLD (n = 10) HVLID (n = 10) HLD (n = 9) SLD + S (n =10) HVLID + S (n = 10) HLD (n = 10)
M. gastrocnemius 5.4 ± 1.1 4.3 ± 1.6 5.7 ± 1.2 6.5 ± 1.4 6.0 ± 0.9 5.9 ± 1.1
M. soleus 44.3 ± 2.6 51.4 ± 3.2 39.0 ± 2.1 c 55.4 ± 3.8 b 45.4 ± 1.6 27.4 ± 2.1 a,b,c
M. ext. digitorum longus 12.6 ± 1.4 11.5 ± 1.4 8.0 ± 1.4 10.1 ± 4.7 4.7 ± 1.6 a,b 1.6 ± 1.0 a,b
Liver 213 ± 10 233 ± 11 192 ± 12 346 ± 21 b 394 ± 14 b 372 ± 16 b
Jejunum 164 ± 7 214 ± 17 a 98 ± 24 c 270 ± 20 104 ± 16 a,b 99 ± 23 a
Kidney 1420 ± 47 1337 ± 96 831 ± 56 1566 ± 50 1126 ± 56 1021 ± 57
  1. Means ± SE, p ˂ 0.05
  2. a compared to the corresponding control (SLD or SLD + S)
  3. b compared to the corresponding fed group
  4. c HLD (HLD + S) vs. HVLID (HVLID + S). Abbreviations as indicated in Table 1