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Table 2 Macronutrient intake assessed using semi-quantitative food records

From: Monitoring for compliance with a ketogenic diet: what is the best time of day to test for urinary ketosis?

Subject Carbohydrates (% of total energy intake) Protein (% of total energy intake) Fat (% of total energy intake)
Before KDa At the end of KDa Substudy dayb Before KDa At the end of KDa Substudy dayb Before KDa At the end of KDa Substudy dayb
1 42.8 8.5 6.4 13.2 20.9 19.7 44.1 70.6 74.0
2 47.3 6.6 6.0 12.9 25.3 19.5 39.8 68.1 74.5
3 47.9 5.7 8.0 12.8 20.3 19.8 39.3 74.0 72.2
4 47.5 5.8 6.3 13.7 14.2 17.4 38.8 80.1 76.3
5 51.3 12.8 9.1 12.3 20.9 23.8 36.4 66.3 67.1
6 42.8 7.9 3.6 16.5 17.9 21.1 40.7 74.1 75.3
7 50.4 6.3 5.4 15.4 24.6 26.8 34.2 69.1 67.8
8 54.1 4.4 5.1 14.0 16.5 12.8 31.9 79.1 82.1
9 49.7 8.1 6.0 14.9 19.8 19.3 35.4 72.2 74.8
10 44.6 6.7 3.3 15.0 17.7 19.6 40.4 75.6 77.1
11 37.8 8.3 5.2 14.9 19.6 17.8 47.2 72.0 77.0
12 46.4 10.7 9.7 15.6 17.7 16.3 38.0 71.6 73.9
Mean ± SD 46.9 ± 4.4 7.6 ± 2.3 6.2 ± 2.0 14.3 ± 1.3 19.6 ± 3.2 19.5 ± 3.5 38.8 ± 4.2 72.7 ± 4.1 74.3 ± 4.0
P c <0.001   <0.001   <0.001  
  0.027   0.883   0.079
  1. amean of 7-day food record
  2. bmean of 1-day food record
  3. c t-test for paired variables