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Table 4 Descriptives of included predictive equations

From: Predicting resting energy expenditure in underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese adult hospital patients

Author, year of publication and referred to as Study population and n Age (mean ± SD or range) REE Equations (kcal/day)
Bernstein, 1983 [24] Obese individuals; patients who enrolled the Weight Control Unit of the Obesity Research Center IC instrument: Beckman n: 48 M/154 F M: 39 ± 12 y M: 11.02 × WT + 10.23 × HTCM - 5.8 × AGE – 1032
F: 40 ± 13 y F: 7.48 × WT - 0.42 × HTCM - 3.0 × AGE + 844
FAO/WHO/UNU, 1985 [15] WHO-wt WHO-wtht n: 575 M/734 F All: 30–82y M 18–30: (15.3 × WT) + 679
F 18–30: (14.7 × WT) + 496
M 30–60: (11.6 × WT) + 879
F 30–60: (8.7 × WT) + 829
M 60+: (13.5 × WT) + 487
F 60+: (10.5 × WT) + 596
Equations based on weight and height
M 18–30: (15.4 × WT) – (27 × HTM) + 717
F 18–30: (13.3 × WT) + (334 × HTM) + 35
M 30–60: (11.3 × WT) + (16 × HTM) + 901
F 30–60: (8.7 × WT) - (25 × HTM) + 865
M 60+: (8.8 × WT) + (1128 × HTM) – 1071
F 60+: (9.2 × WT) + (637 × HTM) – 302
Harris & Benedict, 1918 [10] n: 136 M/103 F M: 27 ± 9 (16–63) y M: 66.4730 + (13.7516 × WT) + (5.0033 × HTCM) – (6.7550 × AGE)
F: 31 ± 14 (15–74) y F: 655.0955 + (9.5634 × WT) + (1.8496 × HTCM) – (4.6756 × AGE)
Harris & Benedict, 1984 Roza & Shizgal [11] H&B by Roza Data of Harris & Benedict (1918) and data of two further studies by Benedict with data on additional subjects (n: 168 M/169 F) M: 30 ± 14 y M: 88.362 + (13.397 × WT) + (4.799 × HTCM) – (5.677 × AGE)
F: 44 ± 22 y F: 447.593 + (9.247 × WT) + (3.098 × HTCM) – (4.330 × AGE)
Korth, 2007 [18] Healthy euthyroid weight stable subjects who were recruited by local announcements n: 50 M/54 F M: 39 ± 14 (21–68) y All: (41.5 × WT) – (19.1 × AGE) + (35.0 × HTCM) + (1107.4 × SEX) – 1731.2/4.184
F: 35 ± 15 (20–66) y  
Livingston, 2005 [23] Institute of Medicine population n: 299 M/356 F M: 36 ± 15 (18–95) y M: 293 × WT 0.4330 – (5.92 × AGE)
F: 39 ± 13 (18–77) y F: 248 × WT 0.4356 – (5.09 × AGE)
Mifflin, 1990 [22] IC instrument: metabolic measurement cart with a canopy hood (Metabolic Measurement Cart Horizons System) n: 251 M (122 obese)/247 F (112 obese) M: 44 ± 14 (19–78) y M: (9.99 × WT) + (6.25 × HTCM) – (4.92 × AGE) + 5
F: 45 ± 14 (20–76) y F: (9.99 × WT) + (6.25 × HTCM) – (4.92 × AGE) – 161
Muller, 2004 [21] Data from seven different research centers in Germany IC instruments: Deltatrac, Beckman, Mouthpiece (metabolic chamber) n BMI < 18.5: 58 n BMI 18.5–25: 444 n BMI 25–30: 266 n BMI > 30: 278 BMI ≤ 18.5: 32 ± 12 y All: (0.047 × WT) + (1.009 × SEX) – (0.01452 × AGE) + 3.21/4.184 ×1000
BMI > 18.5–25: 38 ± 17 y BMI ≤ 18.5: (0.07122 × WT) – (0.02149 × AGE) + (0.82 × SEX) + 0.731/4.184 ×1000
Muller BMI > 25–30: 53 ± 16 y BMI > 18.5–25: (0.02219 × WT) + (0.02118 × HTCM) + (0.884 × SEX) – (0.01191 × AGE) + 1.233/4.184 ×1000
MullerBMI BMI ≥ 30: 47 ± 13 y BMI > 25–30: (0.04507 × WT) + (1.006 × SEX) – (0.01553 × AGE) + 3.407/4.184 ×1000
  BMI ≥ 30: (0.05 × WT) + (1.103 × SEX) – (0.01586 × AGE) + 2.924/4.184 ×1000
Henry, 2005 [20] Worldwide population (excluded Italian subjects) from several papers M 18–30 y: 2821/2816 F 18–30 y: 1664/1655 M 30–60 y: 1010/1006 F 30–60 y: 1023/1023 M 60+ y: 534/533 F 60+ y: 334/324 M 18–30: 22 y M 18–30 y: (16 × WT) + 545
Henry-wt F 18–30: 22 y F 18–30 y: (13.1 × WT) + 558
M 30–60: 40 y M 30–60 y: (14.2 × WT) + 593
F 30–60: 41 y F 30–60 y: (9.74 × WT) + 694
M 60+: 70 y M 60+ y: (13.5 × WT) + 514
F 60+: 69 y F 60+ y: (10.1 × WT) + 569
  Equations based on weight and height
Henry-wtht   M 18–30 y: (14.4 × WT) + (313 × HTM) + 113
  F 18–30 y: (10.4 × WT) + (615 × HTM) – 282
  M 30–60 y: (11.4 × WT) + (541 × HTM) – 137
  F 30–60 y: (8.18 × WT) + (502 × HTM) – 11.6
  M 60+ y: (11.4 × WT) + (541 × HTM) – 256
  F 60+ y: (8.52 × WT) + (421 × HTM) + 10.7
Schofield, 1985 [19] Collection of different authors and papers M 18–30 y: 2879 M 30–60 y: 646 M 60+ y: 50 F 18–30 y: 829 F 30–60 y: 372 F 60+ y: 38 M 18–30: 22 y M 18–30 y: (0.063 × WT) + 2.896/4.184 × 1000
Schofield-wt F 18–30: 22 y F 18–30 y: (0.062 × WT) + 2.036/4.184 × 1000
M 30–60: 40 y M 30–60 y: (0.048 × WT) + 3.653/4.184 × 1000
F 30–60: 40 y F 30–60 y: (0.034 × WT) + 3.538/4.184 × 1000
M 60+: 72 y M 60+ y: (0.049 × WT) + 2.459/4.184 × 1000
F 60+: 66 y F 60+ y: (0.038 × WT) + 2.755/4.184 × 1000
  Equations based on weight and height
Schofield-wtht   M 18–30 y: (0.063 × WT) – (0.042 × HTM) + 2.953/4.184 × 1000
  F 18–30 y: (0.057 × WT) + (1.184 × HTM) + 0.411/4.184 × 1000
  M 30–60 y: (0.048 × WT) – (0.011 × HTM) + 3.67/4.184 × 1000
  F 30–60 y: (0.034 × WT) + (0.006 × HTM) + 3.53/4.184 × 1000
  M 60+ y: (0.038 × WT) + (4.068 × HTM) – 3.491/4.184 × 1000
  F 60+ y: (0.033 × WT) + (1.917 × HTM) + 0.074/4.184 × 1000
  1. M male, F female, y years, WT weight in kilogram, HTM height in meters, HTCM height in centimetres; SEX (male = 1, female = 0) sex, REE resting energy expenditure; kcal/d kilocalories a day, IC indirect calorimetry