 
Nonobese (n = 145)

Obese (n = 156)

pvalue


n

Mean (SEM)

Mean (SEM)


Leptin (ng/mL)

288

5.1 (0.3)

16.9 (0.8)

<0.0001

ucOC (ng/mL)

167

30.6 (2.1)

30.8 (1.9)

0.8644

Total osteocalcin (ng/mL)

286

36.2 (1.1)

31.3 (0.8)

0.0002

Glucose (mg/dL)

300

88.8 (0.6)

89.5 (0.5)

0.3608

Insulin (μU/mL)

301

17.1 (0.6)

23.6 (1.0)

<0.0001

HOMAβ

300

256.2 (10.8)

355.8 (25.7)

<0.0001

HOMAIR

300

3.8 (0.1)

5.2 (0.2)

<0.0001

 Standard Error of the Mean; Body mass index; Undercarboxylated osteocalcin; Homeostasis Model of Assessment Estimate of β Cell Function; Homeostasis Model of Assessment Estimate of Insulin Resistance. Results of Student’s Ttest. All variables were analyzed after logarithmic transformation
 The values that are italic are pvalues indicating significance