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Table 1 Characteristics of the subjects (n = 42)

From: Impact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted ketogenic diet on physical fitness, body composition and biochemical parameters in healthy adults

  Unit  
Male:female n (%) 11 (26.2):31 (73.8)
Age years 37 ± 12 (24–63)
Weight kg 70.3 ± 11.5
BMI kg/m2 23.9 ± 3.1 (19.0–30.4)
Current smoker n (%) 2 (4.8)
Nutrition n (%)  
 Meat-based   37 (88.1)
 Flexitariana   5 (11.9)
Medication n (%)  
 Thyroid hormone (L-thyroxine)   5 (11.9)
 Hormone replacement therapy   2 (4.8)
 Antidepressant (NDRI or SSRI)   2 (4.8)
 Proton pump inhibitor   1 (2.4)
 Oral anticoagulant and statins   1 (2.4)
 Methylphenidate and antidepressant (NDRI)   1 (2.4)
 Glucocorticoidb   1 (2.4)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, NDRI norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
  2. aA plant-based diet with the occasional inclusion of meat products
  3. binhaled glucocorticoid (daily 250 μg fluticasone)