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Table 3 The effect of 25(OH) deficiency on the presence of VCS and severe vascular calcification: a multivariate logistic analysisa

From: Vitamin D: a possible modifying factor linking obesity to vascular calcification in hemodialysis patients

  Vascular calcification
Presence (VCS ≥ 1) Severe (VCS ≥7)
OR (95% CI)a P OR (95% CI)a P
Total patients
 25(OH)D deficiency
  - Absence 1 - 1 -
  - Presence 1.52 (0.62-3.73) 0.255 1.78 (0.77-4.55) 0.110
Obese patients
 25(OH)D deficiency
  - Absence 1 - 1 -
  - Presence 3.02 (1.09-9.38) 0.034 5.75 (1.71-18.29) 0.005
Non-obese patients
 25(OH)D deficiency
  - Absence 1 - 1 -
  - Presence 1.82 (0.56-5.60) 0.298 1.11 (0.07-10.95) 0.085
  1. a adjusted with age, sex, diabetes, systolic BP, previous history of CAD, and elevated HDL cholesterol, TG, calcium and phosphorus levels (for total patients, PBF was further adjusted)