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Table 3 Total FAME (mg/g) and fatty acid composition (% total fatty acids) in faeces

From: Markers of neuroprotection of combined EPA and DHA provided by fish oil are higher than those of EPA (Nannochloropsis) and DHA (Schizochytrium) from microalgae oils in Wistar rats

  Milk Fat Fish Oil Nanno Schyzo Significance
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE  
Total FAME 111ab 17.2 126a 9.72 64.2b 4.04 108a 11.1 < 0.001
Fatty acids
 11:0 0.300b 0.064 0.540a 0.043 0.750a 0.074 0.330b 0.018 < 0.001
 13:0 0.150b 0.100 0.050b 0.002 0.670a 0.042 0.060b 0.007 < 0.001
 14:0isobr 0.060b 0.009 0.050b 0.004 0.320a 0.026 0.040b 0.006 < 0.001
 14:0 3.93b 0.492 6.05a 0.277 5.95a 0.361 4.80b 0.201 < 0.001
 15:0isobr 0.260b 0.036 0.260b 0.025 1.17a 0.045 0.250b 0.011 < 0.001
 15:0anteiso 0.406 0.054 0.370 0.032 0.462 0.030 0.455 0.026 0.161
 15:0 1.35bc 0.090 1.56b 0.089 1.17c 0.086 3.71a 0.112 < 0.001
 16:0anteiso 0.140bc 0.018 0.100c 0.009 0.450a 0.077 0.150b 0.008 < 0.001
 16:0 44.2b 1.64 46.7b 0.528 38.7c 0.804 51.7a 0.806 < 0.001
 16:1n-9n-7 0.090d 0.013 0.330b 0.029 7.20a 0.418 0.170c 0.016 < 0.001
 17:0isobr 0.282 0.010 0.293 0.038 0.265 0.004 0.258 0.005 0.198
 17:0 0.790b 0.020 0.820b 0.014 0.640c 0.017 1.61a 0.016 < 0.001
 17:1 0.200bc 0.017 0.220b 0.015 0.420a 0.018 0.150c 0.014 < 0.001
 16:4n-3 0.067 0.010 0.062 0.006 0.058 0.013 ND 0.847
 18:0 29.0a 1.50 24.5b 0.629 15.6d 0.579 21.5c 0.530 < 0.001
 18:1n-9 4.89a 0.433 4.55a 0.248 4.80a 0.261 3.78b 0.136 0.002
 18:1n-7 3.48a 0.335 2.86a 0.234 1.24b 0.164 2.60a 0.234 < 0.001
 18:1n-5 1.20a 0.137 1.05a 0.070 0.630b 0.018 1.20a 0.124 < 0.001
 19:0isobr 0.410a 0.045 0.240b 0.017 0.140c 0.006 0.210b 0.019 < 0.001
 18:2n-6 1.93b 0.334 1.33b 0.060 3.16a 0.203 1.67b 0.078 < 0.001
 19:0 0.140b 0.013 0.130b 0.003 0.180a 0.005 0.180a 0.004 < 0.001
 18:3n-3 0.210a 0.023 0.070c 0.008 0.240a 0.021 0.120b 0.015 < 0.001
 18:4n-3 0.161 0.036 0.172 0.032 0.115 0.036 0.136 0.019 0.620
 20:0 1.41a 0.156 1.13a 0.093 0.790b 0.040 0.710b 0.039 < 0.001
 20:1n-7 0.300ab 0.100 0.430a 0.037 0.110b 0.026 0.250b 0.049 < 0.001
 20:2n-6 0.210ab 0.037 0.240a 0.014 0.110b 0.028 0.320a 0.039 < 0.001
 20:4n-6 0.110bc 0.042 0.070c 0.009 0.820a 0.057 0.190b 0.023 < 0.001
 20:5n-3 ND 0.080b 0.012 5.45a 0.439 ND < 0.001
 22:0 0.870a 0.114 0.640a 0.048 0.300b 0.034 0.400b 0.029 < 0.001
 22:5n-3 0.570a 0.117 0.370ab 0.052 0.270b 0.014 0.510ab 0.114 0.014
 Others 2.88b 0.270 4.73b 0.191 7.82a 0.301 2.54b 0.410 < 0.001
Partial sums and ratios
 Total SFA 83.7ab 1.31 83.4b 0.784 67.6c 1.38 86.4a 0.716 < 0.001
 Total MUFA 10.2bc 0.821 9.44b 0.625 14.4a 0.654 8.15c 0.290 < 0.001
 Total PUFA 3.26b 0.433 2.39b 0.126 10.2a 0.741 2.95b 0.172 < 0.001
 Total n-3 1.01b 0.156 0.754b 0.103 6.13a 0.499 0.766b 0.125 < 0.001
 Total n-6 2.25bc 0.393 1.64c 0.072 4.09a 0.258 2.18b 0.098 < 0.001
n-3/n-6 0.448ab 0.505 0.460b 0.075 1.50a 0.055 0.351b 0.055 < 0.001
  1. n = 8 per group. ND, not detected. Total SFA = 11:0 + 13:0 + 14:0isobr + 14:0 + 15:0isobr + 15:0anteiso + 15:0 + 16:0anteiso + 16:0 + 17:0isobr + 17:0 + 18:0 + 19:0isobr + 19:0 + 20:0 + 22:0; Total MUFA = 16:1n-9n-7 + 17:1 + 18:1n-9 + 18:1n-7 + 18:1n-5 + 20:1n-7; Total PUFA = 16:4n-3 + 18:2n-6 + 18:3n-3 + 18:4n-3 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3; Total n-3 = 16:4n-3 + 18:3n-3 + 18:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3; Total n-6 = 18:2n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6. a,b,c Means in the same row with different superscripts are statistically different (PDIFF adjust Tukey, P < 0.05)