Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Fatty acid composition of cardiac phospholipids

From: Dietary canolol protects the heart against the deleterious effects induced by the association of rapeseed oil, vitamin E and coenzyme Q10 in the context of a high-fat diet

  C PS R RTC RTCC
12:0 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01
14:0 0.17 ± 0.01a 0.15 ± 0.01ac 0.13 ± 0.01cd 0.12 ± 0.01bde 0.13 ± 0.01ce
15:0 0.09 ± 0.01a 0.03 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01b
DMA 16:0 2.33 ± 0.06a 3.14 ± 0.05b 2.74 ± 0.14c 2.88 ± 0.06c 2.85 ± 0.06c
16:0 11.90 ± 0.33 11.98 ± 0.29 12.11 ± 0.34 11.85 ± 0.16 12.35 ± 0.28
17:0 0.32 ± 0.01a 0.12 ± 0.01b 0.14 ± 0.01b 0.13 ± 0.01b 0.14 ± 0.01b
DMA 18:0 0.81 ± 0.09a 1.02 ± 0.06b 0.91 ± 0.03ab 1.00 ± 0.09ab 0.93 ± 0.05ab
18:0 19.53 ± 0.31a 22.25 ± 0.29b 21.27 ± 0.48c 21.17 ± 0.09c 20.88 ± 0.07c
20:0 0.18 ± 0.02ac 0.17 ± 0.02a 0.23 ± 0.01bd 0.25 ± 0.01bd 0.22 ± 0.01cd
22:0 0.16 ± 0.01a 0.31 ± 0.01b 0.21 ± 0.01c 0.22 ± 0.02c 0.20 ± 0.01c
24:0 0.01 ± 0.01a 0.08 ± 0.01b 0.02 ± 0.01a 0.02 ± 0.01a 0.02 ± 0.01a
SFA 35.21 ± 0.33a 39.29 ± 0.24b 37.86 ± 0.50c 37.56 ± 0.21c 37.56 ± 0.16c
16:1ω9 0.10 ± 0.01a 0.08 ± 0.01b 0.10 ± 0.01a 0.08 ± 0.01bc 0.09 ± 0.01ac
16:1ω7 0.47 ± 0.05a 0.1 ± 0.01b 0.08 ± 0.02b 0.08 ± 0.01b 0.11 ± 0.02b
18:1ω9 3.89 ± 0.22a 6.79 ± 0.45b 7.21 ± 0.60b 6.09 ± 0.20b 6.60 ± 0.40b
18:1ω7 4.09 ± 0.10a 2.50 ± 0.02b 2.88 ± 0.04c 2.93 ± 0.05c 3.00 ± 0.04c
20:1ω9 0.11 ± 0.01a 0.06 ± 0.01b 0.06 ± 0.01b 0.05 ± 0.01b 0.05 ± 0.01b
MUFA 8.66 ± 0.34a 9.50 ± 0.47ab 10.32 ± 0.62b 9.21 ± 0.16ab 9.78 ± 0.47ab
18:2ω6 24.22 ± 0.87a 12.24 ± 0.46b 14.28 ± 0.57c 15.48 ± 0.56c 14.72 ± 0.31c
18:3ω6 0.06 ± 0.01a 0.07 ± 0.01a 0.14 ± 0.01c 0.11 ± 0.01b 0.12 ± 0.01bc
20:2ω6 0.19 ± 0.01a 0.10 ± 0.01b 0.11 ± 0.01b 0.11 ± 0.01b 0.12 ± 0.01b
20:3ω6 0.31 ± 0.01a 0.38 ± 0.01b 0.43 ± 0.03c 0.50 ± 0.02d 0.46 ± 0.02cd
20:4ω6 21.70 ± 0.34a 26.13 ± 0.50b 21.76 ± 0.76a 21.52 ± 0.45a 20.68 ± 0.39a
22:4ω6 1.21 ± 0.05a 1.44 ± 0.04b 0.61 ± 0.01c 0.58 ± 0.02c 0.56 ± 0.02c
22:5ω6 1.38 ± 0.09a 6.58 ± 0.58b 0.48 ± 0.05c 0.46 ± 0.02c 0.50 ± 0.03c
ω6 PUFA 48.73 ± 0.52a 46.93 ± 0.53b 37.82 ± 0.41c 38.77 ± 0.50c 37.74 ± 0.35c
18:3ω3 0.15 ± 0.01a 0.02 ± 0.01b 0.22 ± 0.02c 0.19 ± 0.01c 0.20 ± 0.01c
20:5ω3 0.12 ± 0.01a 0.09 ± 0.01b 0.10 ± 0.01ab 0.11 ± 0.01ab 0.10 ± 0.01ab
22:5ω3 1.22 ± 0.07a 0.57 ± 0.02b 2.42 ± 0.12c 2.71 ± 0.16cd 2.88 ± 0.18d
22:6ω3 5.59 ± 0.27a 3.61 ± 0.15b 11.26 ± 0.39c 11.47 ± 0.38c 11.28 ± 0.36c
ω3 PUFA 7.09 ± 0.32a 4.28 ± 0.16b 14.0 ± 0.40c 14.48 ± 0.36c 14.45 ± 0.51c
PUFA 55.53 ± 0.28a 51.21 ± 0.52cd 51.82 ± 0.59bd 52.98 ± 0.21b 52.37 ± 0.54bc
ω6/ω3 6.99 ± 0.38a 11.09 ± 0.47b 2.72 ± 0.08c 2.69 ± 0.10c 2.60 ± 0.10c
EPA + DHA 5.71 ± 0.27a 3.70 ± 0.16b 11.36 ± 0.39c 11.58 ± 0.37c 11.37 ± 0.36c
EPA/AA (×  103) 5.08 ± 0.44a 3.36 ± 0.44b 4.61 ± 0.31a 5.07 ± 0.43a 4.62 ± 0.29a
(EPA + DHA)/AA 0.27 ± 0.01a 0.14 ± 0.01b 0.53 ± 0.02c 0.54 ± 0.02c 0.55 ± 0.02c
PUFA/SFA 1.563 ± 0.005a 1.304 ± 0.018b 1.371 ± 0.028c 1.406 ± 0.012c 1.395 ± 0.019c
  1. C control rats, PS rats fed a palm oil/sunflower oil mixture, R rats fed rapeseed oil, RTC rats fed rapeseed oil enriched with α-tocopherol and coenzyme Q10, RTCC rats fed RTC plus canolol, DMA dimethylacetal, SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid, EPA eicosapentaenoic acid or C20:5ω3, DHA docosahexaenoic acid or C22:6ω3, AA arachidonic acid or C20:4ω6. Averages of 5 rats per group
  2. a, b, c, d, emeans in a row without a common letter are significantly different