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Table 6 Average daily consumption of energy and macronutrients for the REG, RED and CHO diet during the 12 weeks interventiona

From: Consumption of regular-fat vs reduced-fat cheese reveals gender-specific changes in LDL particle size - a randomized controlled trial

  REG (n = 27) RED (n = 25) CHO (n = 27) P REGvs.RED P REGvs.CHO
Total energy (kJ) 9150 ± 356 8593 ± 557 7973 ± 437 0.56 0.08
Energy density (kcal/g) 1.0 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.1 0.44 0.70
Fat (% of energy) 36.2 ± 1.3 33.5 ± 0.8 30.0 ± 1.3 0.12 < 0.001
Fat (g) 90.7 ± 5.6 77.5 ± 5.5 65.6 ± 4.6 0.11 < 0.001
 Saturated fat (g) 33.3 ± 1.7 27.2 ± 1.7 19.0 ± 1.4 < 0.01 < 0.001
 Monounsaturated fat (g) 31.0 ± 2.5 27.1 ± 2.2 24.6 ± 2.1 0.21 < 0.01
 Polyunsaturated fat (g) 13.3 ± 1.2 12.7 ± 1.1 13.8 ± 1.2 0.71 0.99
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 40.2 ± 1.6 43.0 ± 1.1 49.7 ± 1.6 0.20 < 0.001
Dietary Fiber (g/d) 23.9 ± 1.3 22.0 ± 1.5 23.4 ± 2.6 0.44 0.85
Protein (% of energy) 19.4 ± 0.8 20.1 ± 0.8 18.3 ± 0.7 0.50 0.20
Alcohol (g) 12.1 ± 2.1 11.0 ± 2.1 5.8 ± 1.7 0.70 0.08
Calcium (mg) 1226 ± 44 1300 ± 53 677 ± 41 0.60 < 0.001
  1. aAll values are means ± SEMs, n = 79 because 6 (subjects had dietary records considered nonsufficient and were therefore removed from the model). Data were assessed by using 3-d weighted dietary record estimated using Dankost 3000 dietary assessment software (Dankost). Statistical differences were based on linear mixed models with values for average daily consumption at week 0 for all variables included as covariates. Pairwise comparisons were based on post hoc t- test with p-values adjusted for multiplicity. Abbreviations: CHO carbohydrate control, RED reduced-fat cheese, REG regular-fat cheese