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Table 3 Effects of training and fructose supplementation on morphological and metabolic characteristics of rats

From: Effect of personalized moderate exercise training on Wistar rats fed with a fructose enriched water

  C Ex FF ExFF ANOVA2 or Kruskall Wallis
Body weight at 15 weeks (g) 408.50 ± 14.07
a
(n = 8)
409.63 ± 12.14
a
(n = 8)
495.25 ± 25.26
b
(n = 8)
372.50 ± 6.47
a
(n = 10)
Training effect p = 0.016
Heart weight (% bw) 0.27 ± 0.02
a
(n = 8)
0.30 ± 0.01
ab
(n = 8)
0.32 ± 0.01
b
(n = 8)
0.29 ± 0.01
ab
(n = 10)
Interaction p = 0.007
Food intake AUC for 6 weeks (g/day/100 g) 41.26 ± 0.99
a
(n = 8)
37.74 ± 1.02
b
(n = 8)
30.48 ± 0.73
c
(n = 8)
29.53 ± 0.57
c
(n = 10)
Training effect p = 0.02 Fructose effect p < 0.001
Drink intake AUC for 6 weeks (mL/day/100 g) 74.10 ± 3.22
a
(n = 8)
54.44 ± 3.90
b
(n = 8)
81.14 ± 1.87
a
(n = 8)
80.27 ± 3.43
a
(n = 10)
Training effect p = 0.004 Fructose effect p < 0.001 Interaction p = 0.007
Total Calorie intake AUC for 6 weeks (kcal/day/100 g) 130.06 ± 3.11
a
(n = 8)
118.96 ± 3.21
a
(n = 8)
177.20 ± 1.62
b
(n = 8)
173.34 ± 3.75
b
(n = 10)
Fructose effect p < 0.001
Fasting glycaemia (mg/dL) 88.14 ± 3.05
a
(n = 7)
77.38 ± 3.41
b
(n = 8)
98.29 ± 3.01
a
(n = 7)
86.70 ± 2.95
a
(n = 10)
Training effect p = 0.002
Fructose effect p = 0.006
HOMA 2-IR 1.62 ± 0.16
ab
(n = 6)
0.74 ± 0.40
a
(n = 8)
2.87 ± 0.43
b
(n = 7)
1.48 ± 0.34
ab
(n = 10)
Training effect p = 0.002
Fructose effect p = 0.027
HIRI (×104) 2.61 ± 0.40
(n = 7)
4.74 ± 0.80
(n = 8)
7.27 ± 1.23
(n = 7)
3.67 ± 0.90
(n = 10)
No effect
MISI 0.50 ± 0.04
ab
(n = 7)
0.75 ± 0.11
b
(n = 8)
0.34 ± 0.04
a
(n = 7)
0.77 ± 0.07
b
(n = 10)
Training effect p < 0.001
Fasting Leptin (ng/mL) 4.52 ± 0.40
a
(n = 6)
1.38 ± 0.18
b
(n = 8)
4.20 ± 0.92
a
(n = 8)
1.92 ± 0.27
c
(n = 9)
Training effect p < 0.001
Fasting Adiponectin (μg/mL) 10.81 ± 0.58
a
(n = 8)
8.26 ± 1.06
ab
(n = 6)
9.31 ± 0.61
ab
(n = 8)
7.79 ± 0.45
b
(n = 8)
Training effect p = 0.005
Ratio leptin/adiponectin (LAR) 0.46 ± 0.06
a
(n = 6)
0.19 ± 0.03
b
(n = 6)
0.43 ± 0.07
a
(n = 8)
0.27 ± 0.04
ab
(n = 8)
Training effect p = 0.0004
  1. Values are means ± SEM. The results of ANOVA 2 or Kruskal Wallis were displayed in the extreme right column. Statistical differences with post-hoc test are observed when lowercase letters (a, b, c under values) are different with p < 0.05