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Table 3 Effect of GD on FBG

From: Gynura divaricata rich in 3, 5−/4, 5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and chlorogenic acid reduces islet cell apoptosis and improves pancreatic function in type 2 diabetic mice

Groups FBG (mmol/L) Hypoglycae-mic rate
0 Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 week
Normal 5.36 ± 1.22 6.80 ± 0.35 5.34 ± 0.96 5.76 ± 0.81 5.47 ± 0.89
Model 21.94 ± 4.63** 20.88 ± 3.53** 21.20 ± 4.55** 19.85 ± 2.76** 22.78 ± 0.87**
1% GD 22.07 ± 0.70 19.52 ± 5.33 16.38 ± 4.54# 17.40 ± 3.85 17.42 ± 5.76# 21.07%
5% GD 22.06 ± 0.55 18.39 ± 2.98 13.97 ± 3.75## 14.99 ± 4.69# 13.39 ± 5.78## 39.30%
10% GD 21.23 ± 1.58 17.49 ± 4.92 12.47 ± 5.32## 13.24 ± 5.38## 12.44 ± 4.60## 41.40%
  1. 1% GD, 1% GD-treated diabetic group; 5% GD, 5% GD-treated diabetic group; 10% GD, 10% GD-treated diabetic group. The experimental data are presented as means ± SD. **P < 0.01, versus normal group; #P < 0.05 and ## p < 0.01, respectively, versus diabetic model group. The hypoglycaemic rate = (FBG before treatment-FBG after 4 weeks of GD treatment)/FBG before treatment×100%