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Table 4 Effects of GD on GSH-PX, T-SOD and MDA

From: Gynura divaricata rich in 3, 5−/4, 5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and chlorogenic acid reduces islet cell apoptosis and improves pancreatic function in type 2 diabetic mice

Groups GSH-PX (U/mgprot) T-SOD (U/mgprot) MDA (nmol/mgprot)
Normal 81.57 ± 5.48 210.50 ± 2.37 0.68 ± 0.10
Model 49.68 ± 6.89** 131.99 ± 10.19** 1.57 ± 0.31**
1% GD 61.10 ± 6.34 138.79 ± 3.78# 1.24 ± 0.19
5% GD 68.43 ± 7.49# 184.35 ± 10.02## 0.97 ± 0.09#
10% GD 76.05 ± 5.31## 197.18 ± 7.74## 0.79 ± 0.10#
  1. 1% GD, 1% GD-treated diabetic group; 5% GD, 5% GD-treated diabetic group; 10% GD, 10% GD-treated diabetic group. The experimental data are presented as means ± SD. **P < 0.01, respectively, versus normal group; #P < 0.05 and ##P < 0.01, respectively, versus diabetic model group