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Table 1 Compositions of diets added with different levels of lipid

From: Lipid deposition pattern and adaptive strategy in response to dietary fat in Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi)

Experimental diets L2 L7 L12 L17
Ingredients (g kg− 1)
 Fish meal 745 695 645 590
 Caseina 11 48 85 126
 Fish oilb 0 25 50 75
 Soybean oilc 0 25 50 75
 Corn starchd 60 60 60 60
 Cellulose 134 97 60 24
 Mineral mixe 20 20 20 20
 Vitamin mixf 20 20 20 20
 Carboxymethylcellulose sodium 10 10 10 10
 Total 1000 1000 1000 1000
Proximate composition
 Dry matter (DM) (%) 81.38 86.75 89.12 93.52
 Crude protein (% DM) 47.58 47.52 47.55 47.51
 Crude lipid (% DM) 2.32 7.72 12.44 17.15
 Carbohydrate (% DM) 13.39 13.36 13.40 13.42
 Ash (% DM) 17.48 18.13 15.77 15.44
 Gross energy (kJ g−1) 1.23 1.41 1.59 1.77
  1. aCrude protein and crude lipid content of casein was 84.4 and 0.6%, respectively
  2. bFatty acids composition of fish oil (%): 14:0, 10.01; 16:0, 15.61, 16:1, 10.25; 18:0, 1.63; 18:1, 11.88; 18:2, 4.29; 18:3, 6.20; 20:0, 0.07; 20:4, 3.80; 20:5 (EPA), 19.10; 22:6 (DHA), 7.69; SFA, 27.32; UFA, 63.21; PUFA, 41.08; MUFA, 22.13
  3. cFatty acids composition of soybean oil (%): 10:0, 0.01; 14:0, 0.03; 16:0, 12.04; 16:1, 0.07; 18:0, 1.81; 18:1-9c, 28.77; 18:1-9 t, 0.01; 18:2-9c12c, 55.57; 18:2-9t12t, 0.02; 20:0, 0.39; 20:1, 0.20; 20:2, 0.01; 22:0, 0.11; 23:0, 0.02; 24:0, 0.01; 24:1, 0.04; SFA, 14.69; UFA, 85.29; MUFA, 29.12; PUFA, 56.16
  4. dCrude protein and crude lipid content of corn starch was 0.3 and 0.2%, respectively
  5. eMineral premix (per kg of diet): MnSO4, 10 mg; MgSO4, 10 mg; KCl, 95 mg; NaCl, 165 mg; ZnSO4, 20 mg; KI, 1 mg; CuSO4,12.5 mg; FeSO4, 105 mg; Na2SeO3, 0.1 mg; Co, 1.5 mg
  6. fVitamin premix (per kg of diet): vitamin A, 2000 IU; vitamin B1 (thiamin), 5 mg; vitamin B2 (riboflavin), 5 mg; vitamin B6,5 mg; vitamin B12, 0.025 mg; vitamin D3, 1200 IU; vitamin E 21 mg; vitamin K3 2.5 mg; folic acid, 1.3 mg; biotin, 0.05 mg; pantothenic acid calcium, 20 mg; inositol, 60 mg; ascorbic acid (35%), 110 mg; niacinamide, 25 mg