Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects with or without the MetS

From: Small dense LDL cholesterol is associated with metabolic syndrome traits independently of obesity and inflammation

Characteristics Total
(N = 1065)
Metabolic syndrome
(n = 297)
Non-metabolic syndrome
(n = 768)
P value
Age, years 45.07 ± 11.08 48.57 ± 8.55 43.71 ± 11.64 < 0.001
Current Smoker, n (%) 643 (60.4) 185 (62.6) 457 (59.5) 0.225
Current Drinker, n (%) 423 (39.7) 115 (40.1) 308 (40.1) 0.642
Physical activity, n (%) 758 (71.2) 208 (70.0) 550 (71.6) 0.610
Hypertension, n (%) 96 (9.0) 45 (15.2) 51 (6.6) < 0.001
Central obesity, n (%) 333 (31.3) 202 (68.0) 131 (17.1) < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 23.53 ± 2.46 24.94 ± 2.03 22.98 ± 2.4 < 0.001
Waist circumference, cm 85.11 ± 7.88 90.41 ± 6.54 83.06 ± 7.39 < 0.001
TC, mmol/L 5.44 ± 1.12 5.61 ± 1.10 5.37 ± 1.12 0.002
TG, mmol/L 1.94 ± 1.37 2.92 ± 1.74 1.56 ± 0.96 < 0.001
HDL-c, mmol/L 1.25 ± 0.28 1.11 ± 0.27 1.31 ± 0.26 < 0.001
LDL-c, mmol/L 3.56 ± 0.93 3.52 ± 0.98 3.58 ± 0.90 0.290
SBP, mm Hg 127.82 ± 15.04 134.52 ± 14.54 125.23 ± 14.43 < 0.001
DBP, mm Hg 87.26 ± 11.14 92.42 ± 10.08 85.26 ± 10.89 < 0.001
FPG, mmol/L 5.19 ± 0.57 5.47 ± 0.61 5.08 ± 0.51 < 0.001
hsCRP, mg/L 1.78 ± 3.28 2.25 ± 3.16 1.60 ± 3.31 0.004
SdLDL-c/LDL-c, % 28.31 (22.03,35.32) 34.79 (29.63,41.15) 25.91 (20.64,32.11) < 0.001
sdLDL-c, mmol/L 1.03 (0.73,1.31) 1.23 (0.95,1.50) 0.94 (0.66,1.22) < 0.001
  1. Values were means±SD or medians in cases of continuous variables and numbers (percentages) in case of categorical data. For differences across the groups of calculated with χ2 test and analysis of variance for categorical and continuous data, respectively. sdLDL-c small dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, BMI body mass index, HDL high-density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, hsCRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, FPG fasting plasma glucose, n number. To convert sdLDL-c to mg/dL, multiply by 38.6
\