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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study population based on combinations of body mass index and metabolic health defined by JIS criteriaa for men

From: Sex specific impact of different obesity phenotypes on the risk of incident hypertension: Tehran lipid and glucose study

   Metabolically healthy (n = 457) Metabolically unhealthy (n = 1083)  
Characteristics Total (n = 1540) Normal weight (n = 369) Overweight (n = 81) Obese (n = 7) Normal weight (n = 322) Overweight (n = 568) Obese (n = 193) P-value (for trend)
Age(years) 40.0(13.32) 35.49(13.39) 38.30(12.92) 42.28(14.47) 41.22(13.95) 41.94(12.62) 41.42(12.30) < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.70(3.82) 21.91(1.73) 26.30(1.16) 32.89(4.04) 22.94(1.59) 27.34(1.36) 32.22(2.69) < 0.0001
WC (cm) 88.55(10.60) 77.81(5.54) 86.60(4.73) 105.14(10.82) 82.35(6.52) 93.97(5.43) 103.69(7.50) < 0.0001
SBP (mm-Hg) 113.99(11.00) 108.24(9.67) 111.55(9.31) 116.57(8.38) 115.08(11.86) 116.16(10.55) 117.70(9.62) < 0.0001
DBP (mm-Hg) 74.26(8.22) 70.21(7.94) 71.32(7.08) 74.42(6.47) 74.35(8.67) 76.02(7.54) 77.90(6.86) < 0.0001
Low Physical activity (%) 1452(68.5) 249(67.5) 55 (67.9) 4 (57.1) 228(70.8) 400 (70.4) 148(76.7) 0.002
Current smoker (%) 82(3.9) 127 (34.4) 24(29.6) 3(42.9) 100(31.1) 177(31.2) 50(25.9) 0.029
Family history of premature CAD (%) 334(15.4) 38(10.3) 11(13.6) 0 37(11.5) 83(14.6) 36(18.7) < 0.0001
FPG (mmol/l) 5.25(1.37) 4.79(0.37) 4.80(0.41) 5.12(0.21) 5.32(1.28) 5.44(1.57) 5.64(1.97) < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.12(1.05) 4.55(0.91) 4.97(0.91) 5.65(0.95) 5.21(1.02) 5.37(1.07) 5.36(0.91) < 0.0001
TG (mmol/l) 1.97(1.27) 1.07(0.33) 1.24(0.29) 1.18(0.22) 2.14(1.07) 2.43(1.51) 2.43(1.14) < 0.0001
HDL-C(mmol/l) 0.97(0.23) 1.10(0.26) 1.02(0.26) 1.44(0.24) 0.94(0.18) 0.90(0.19) 0.89(0.19) < 0.0001
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 76.25(11.83) 79.39(12.07) 75.39(11.04) 69.95(5.33) 76.31(11.61) 74.86(11.61) 74.86(11.80) < 0.0001
HOMA-IR 1.92(1.66) 1.15(0.53) 1.44(0.69) 2.25(1.79) 1.88(1.11) 2.18(1.49) 2.85(1.83) < 0.0001
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD except median (interquartile range) for TG and HOMA-IR
  2. JIS, Joint Interim Statement; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, High density lipoprotein-cholesterol; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; HOMA-IR, hemostasis model assessment-insulin resistance
  3. aParticipants considered as metabolically healthy if they had ≤1 of the JIS components