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Table 3 Physical and blood biochemical parameters of the fetuses at 100 d of gestation and postnatal kids at 90 d

From: Evidence for liver energy metabolism programming in offspring subjected to intrauterine undernutrition during midgestation

  Fetuses Kids
Ca Ra SEMb P value C R SEM P value
Males, n 7 6    3 4   
 Body weight, kg 664.4 529.7 44.05 0.060 9.8 7.8 0.93 0.19
 Liver weight, g 40.9 32.3 3.51 0.12 198.7 145.9 20.48 0.14
 Liver weight relative to BW, g/100 g 6.14 6.09 0.209 0.88 2.01 2.01 0.073 0.97
 Albumin, g/L 19.22 18.20 0.573 0.28 40.12 43.94 1.046 0.062
 Glucose, mmol/L 2.46 1.09 0.980 0.38 3.69 2.56 0.569 0.23
 Triglyceride, mmol/L 0.72 0.50 0.047 0.024 0.56 0.68 0.080 0.34
 Growth hormone, μg/L 92.13 78.22 2.631 0.008 11.13 14.28 0.683 0.031
 IGF-Ic, μg/L 48.17 51.43 6.277 0.73 131.26 83.91 35.114 0.40
 IGF-IIc, μg/L 21.49 25.49 2.111 0.22 NDd ND   
 Insulin, μIU/mL 7.34 5.52 1.651 0.47 8.64 8.91 0.353 0.63
 Glucagon, ng/L 32.83 32.77 1.283 0.98 31.50 31.57 6.927 0.99
 Cortisol, μg/L 10.06 13.04 2.301 0.39 78.83 136.69 5.149 0.001
Females, n 3 4    5 4   
 Body weight, kg 569.2 624.7 40.57 0.39 8.8 7.2 0.62 0.11
 Liver weight, g 37.5 37.6 2.36 0.98 173.8 138.3 17.70 0.21
 Liver weight relative to BW, % 6.56 6.04 0.186 0.12 2.01 2.02 0.101 0.99
 Albumin, g/L    42.85 39.79 1.951 0.31
 Glucose, mmol/L    2.98 2.65 0.326 0.50
 Triglyceride, mmol/L    0.56 0.51 0.117 0.79
 Growth hormone, μg/L 82.80 78.95 6.915 0.78 17.49 17.77 2.714 0.94
 IGF-I, μg/L 55.66 75.49 16.595 0.53 100.07 87.13 15.976 0.59
 IGF-II, μg/L 20.60 26.23 1.383 0.18 ND ND   
 Insulin, μIU/mL 6.81 5.86 0.680 0.44 8.58 8.86 0.627 0.76
 Glucagon, ng/L 34.58 33.29 0.906 0.43 34.79 33.14 5.074 0.83
 Cortisol, μg/L 18.91 18.63 3.167 0.96 108.52 138.97 16.311 0.24
  1. aThe C group of dams was fed 100% of their nutrient requirements as outlined in the Chinese Meat Goat Requirements (2004). The R group of dams was fed 60% of the intake of the C group from 55 to 100 d of gestation and then realimented to 100%. The dams and fetuses were harvested at 100 d of gestation; the kids were weaned at 60 d and harvested 90 d after birth
  2. bSEM pooled standard error of the mean
  3. cInsulin-like growth factor 1 or 2
  4. dND not detected