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Table 1 Baseline characteristic of children and adolescents according to tertiles of nut consumption

From: Association of nuts and unhealthy snacks with subclinical atherosclerosis among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity

  Nuts (serving/wk./1000Kcal) P for trend
T1 (< 0.64) T2 (0.65–1.60) T3 (> 1.61)
Participants (n) 113 113 113  
Median (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 0.34 0.99 2.78  
Age (years) 9.2 ± 1.7 9.3 ± 1.7 9.4 ± 1.8 0.471
Girls (%) 44.6 44.2 54.4 0.142
WC (cm) 80.5 ± 10.6 80.6 ± 8.4 80.9 ± 9.7 0.707
BMI (kg/m2) 23.4 ± 3.5 23.2 ± 2.9 23.3 ± 3.3 0.864
BMI z-score 0.2 ± 1.0 0.1 ± 0.9 0.1 ± 1.0 0.864
Obesity (%) 68.8 69.9 66.7 0.735
Low physical activity (%) 61.6 52.2 55.3 0.606
Pubertal (%) 80.4 78.8 88.6 0.101
SBP (mmHg) 105.1 ± 12.8 104.2 ± 13.0 105.3 ± 13.7 0.737
DBP (mmHg) 64.8 ± 8.4 65.2 ± 8.4 66.2 ± 10.5 0.251
High blood pressure (%) 19.6 25.7 25.4 0.307
FPG (mg/dl) 90.8 ± 9.5 91.2 ± 9.0 89.8 ± 8.9 0.341
High FPG (%) 19.6 14.3 15.9 0.456
Serum triglycerides (mg/dl) 107.5 (80.0–134.0) 101.0 (74.0–134.0) 106.0 (75–152.2) 0.195
High triglyceride (%) 44.6 42.1 47.8 0.635
  1. WC waist circumference, BMI z-score body mass index z-score, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose
  2. Data are represented as mean ± SD or median (IQR 25–75) for continuous variables and as percentages for categorical variables
  3. ANOVA and chi-square test were used for continuous and categorical variables, respectively